The Gujarat government took a number of initiatives in 2015 to make health services more accessible to citizens of the state. This included steps such as organising free statewide health camps, providing both access as well as information on health to tribals and setting up hospitals with modern facilities.
The driving force behind Gujarat’s health policy has been Chief Minister Anandiben Patel. This is evident in how the Chief Minister has helped conceptualise and in some cases personally oversee the success of the health camp initiative. The Chief Minister’s aim has been to ensure that every citizen of Gujarat is both aware of and has access to, the state’s extensive medical services.
Initiatives in 2015
Under the dynamic leadership of Chief Minister Anandiben Patel, the Gujarat government has taken several pioneering initiatives to ensure that citizens in the state have access to good healthcare services.
Free Health Camps
The state government initiated statewide free health camps on 1 June 2015. Till date, 29 lakh women have been screened for both breast cancer and cervical cancer. In all, 18 lakh people have been screened for diabetes. Those diagnosed are undergoing free treatment.
Intensive health check-ups were provided for over 43 lakh aanganwadi children from across Gujarat.
The camps have also provided relief to children who suffer from deformities such as cleft lips/palette and club feet.
Bal Seva Kendra
200 new Bal Seva Kendras (Child Malnutrition Treatment Centres) have been opened to treat malnourished children.
Mukhyamantri Amrutam (MA) Yojana
The scope of this scheme was extended by covering families with annual income of Rs 1.20 lakh under MA Vatsalya Yojana.
Over 4.45 lakh MA Vatsalya cards have been distributed till now.
Rashtiya Swasthiya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
The scheme was launched by the Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India, in order to provide health insurance for Below Poverty Line (BPL) families.
Beneficiaries are entitled to coverage of upto Rs 30,000 for most diseases that require hospitalisation. Coverage extends to five family members, including the head of the family, spouse and upto three dependents.
Beneficiaries need to pay only Rs 30 as a registration fee while the Central and the state government pays the premium to the insurer selected by the state government on the basis of a competitive bidding.
Based on a survey carried out by the Gujarat government, over 20 lakh families have been covered under the scheme in the state.
New health institutes
Two new medical colleges were established in Junagadh on 4 September 2015 and in Himmatnagar on 10 September 2015.
Three new nursing colleges were also opened in 2015.
The Gujarat government has also announced that it will establish an organ transplant university and an Institute of Public Health.
Doodh Sanjeevani Yojana
The scheme was conceived in 2006-07 to curb malnutrition among primary school going tribal children by providing them flavoured milk.
The Gujarat government has currently extended the scheme to over 26 talukas, with a provision to include all tribal talukas under the scheme.
Introduced in 2012, Khilkhilat ambulances are specially designated for the safe homecoming of infants and mothers post-delivery.
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) & Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)
IMR in Gujarat has decreased from 60 in 2001 to 36 in 2013.
MMR in Gujarat has decreased from 202 in 2001 to 122 in 2013.