Under the dynamic leadership of Chief Minister Raman Singh, Chhattisgarh has made rapid strides in all-round improvement of networks from 2000 to 2016.
The telecom sector has witnessed a quantum leap in Chhattisgarh during 2000 and 2016. Mobile and landline connections put together was 2,80,000 in 2000, while it is 1,68,57,480 in 2016. Landline connections, which were 2,80,000 in 2000, are 1,92,867 now and mobile connections which were almost negligible then, has grown upto 1,66,64,613 in 2016. The tele-density in Chhattisgarh is 65.92, whereas the national average is 80.44. The BSNL has a target of connecting the 2,115 village panchayats under the “National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN) project till December 2016. There is a target of connecting 1,894 other village panchayats under this project till March 2017. In all, 146 new mobile towers will be established in Bastar and Naxal-affected areas. The Chhattisgarh government has started the “Bastar Net” project for seven districts of the main tribal region of Bastar division.
In all, 832-km long “optic fibre cable” will be laid through the ring system at an expenditure of Rs 40 crore under the “Bastar Net” project which will have a major role in accessing and connecting Bastar’s inaccessible and tough geographical locations through mobiles and internet.
The Chhattisgarh government believes that the “Bastar Net” project will be the digital highway of Bastar, and by providing easy access to non-accessible areas, will help in bringing a new revolution in knowledge-based society, providing development and economic opportunities.
Comparison of the railway network in Chhattisgarh in 2000 and 2016 shows the extent of progress made by the state. While in 2000, total railway lines were 1,187 km, so far in 2016, it is 1,744 km, and work is still in progress. In 150 years of Indian railway history, only 1,187 km of railway lines could be laid in Chhattisgarh till 2000.
The Chhattisgarh government, through special initiative and strategic partnership with public sector units, has formulated a work plan to develop the railway network in the zones having no railway facilities. The work for 311 km of railway lines in the eastern and eastern-western zone of the state, has started. Work for the Kharsia-Dharmjaygarh-Korba 180 km railway line under the east-corridor and Gevra to Pendraroad 131-km railway line under the east-west corridor, is in progress. The railway network of 235 km from Dallirajhra to Jagdalpura is being constructed in the southern area of the state. Apart from this, to ease the pressure of railway traffic in the central area of the state and for expansion of railway lines in the Sarguja zone, there is a consent for the development of a 762-km railway network.
A joint venture has been formed with the Ministry of Railways for the development of the Raipur-Balodabazar-Jharsuguda (310 km), Ambikapur-Barwadih (182 km), Dongargarh-Khairagarh-Kawardha-Mungaoili-Kota (270 km) railway lines. Apart from this, the Mumbai -Kharagpur east-west frontier rail corridor, an ambitious project of the Central government, will also cross through Chhattisgarh.
In 12 years, 59,136 km of roads have been constructed and elevated. In all, 852 large, 337 medium bridges and 23,206 small bridges have been constructed. Fifteen railway over-bridges and under-bridges have been constructed. Work of construction of 15 by-passes has also been completed. Construction work has also been completed for 18 roads of 1,005 km under the ADB.
Construction work of 459 roads and 174 bridge-small bridges under the NABARD Scheme has also been completed. Construction of six roads of 2,230 km under the Corridor Plan has been completed. Also completed is the construction work of 19 roads of 2,021 km under the plan for Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected areas at an expenditure of Rs 2,905 crore. Work on 21 roads is in progress. Approval of total expenditure of Rs 5,500 crore for 1,006 km of roads under Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) has been given and work for 557 km of roads is in progress at an expenditure of Rs 3,300 crore.
There has been approval for the proposed expenditure of Rs 5,000 crore for 1,000 km of roads under NSDP. There has been construction of 23,708 km of roads at a cost of Rs 6,788 crore during 12 years under the Pradhanmantri Gram Sadak Yojana. Approval has been granted for construction of 1,157 roads of 3,737 km at an expenditure of Rs 1,772 crore under the Mukhyamantri Gram Sadak Vikas Yojna. Construction of 811 roads of 2,415 km has been completed. Construction of 4,477 streets of 1,290 km at a cost of Rs 598 crore under the Mukhyamantri Gram Gorav Path Yojana has been completed.
Following is the work plan for the next three years:
Target for completion of 388 roads at a total cost of Rs. 19,326 crore till March 2018.
All roads from Division to District Headquarter and from District to Block Headquarter will be of two lanes.
Roads connecting the Divisional Headquarter will be four lane and six lane upto 5 to 10 km from the city.
Construction of 20 by-passes at Rs 253 crore.
Construction of 11 railway bridges/under bridges at a cost of Rs 85 crore.
Construction of five fly-overs at a cost of Rs 209 crore.
To develop the only airport at Mana-Raipur as per international standards, work for expansion of a runway is in progress. Airports are being expanded at Bilaspur and Jagdalpur. Construction of airstrip at Ambikapur and Balrampur has been completed. There is a
proposal for construction of new airstrips at Dantewada and Bijapur. The state government is working on development of airports at Bilaspur, Jagdalpur, Ambikapur, Raigarh, Korba, Balrampur and Jashpur.