Vetoing NSG entry will damage Sino-Indian ties

Vetoing NSG entry will damage Sino-Indian ties

By M.D. Nalapat | 11 June, 2016
The prerequisite for normalisation of ties is a willingness within the Chinese Communist Party to place China’s national interest above that of the Pakistan army.

On 24-25 June, the 48-member Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is expected to take a decision on the admission of India into the fold. The US, France, Japan, the UK and Russia have backed the entry of this country into the club, the only major holdout being China. Going along with the major power consensus in the NSG on India would ensure a significant weakening of West-centric policymakers in Delhi, who seek to send ties with Beijing into the deep freeze. Contrarily, should China veto Delhi’s bid for entry, such a move would have long-term consequences on Sino-Indian relations, including in the economic sphere, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi has resisted those who seek to block several Chinese manufactures from entering the Indian market. China’s manufactures and services, including in infrastructure, telecom and energy systems, are often of high quality while priced well below the offerings of global competitors. Given that the continuing weakness of domestic R&D mandates the purchase of foreign equipment and services in selected fields, it would make economic sense to ensure that these be cost-effective, so that more items can be bought for less cost. China too would benefit, given the overcapacity that presently exists in that country in several sectors of the economy. It is in India’s national interest to have a normal relationship with China, and that both countries adopt a liberal policy towards visas and investment towards each other. If in the second half of the 20th century extensive commercial linkages with the US were core to faster growth, in the 21st century such a role is increasingly being played by China. After missing out on the US opportunity in the past, it would be unfortunate if governmental policies were to result in missing the China investment and market bus in the future.

However, the prerequisite for such a normalisation of ties is a willingness within the core of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to place China’s national interest above that of the Pakistan army, rather than sacrifice the former for the latter, as has repeatedly been taking place since the 1980s, the period when the Pakistan army began its transformation into an arm of the Wahhabi International, in the process becoming an incubator for terror groups that these days are active also in parts of China. A single year’s trade deficit of India with China would be sufficient to meet the $45 billion cost of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), a project that will be difficult to complete (given the security situation on the CPEC’s path) and impossible to make financially viable. Indeed, it would make far more business as well as geopolitical sense for China to partner with India in building a China India Economic Corridor (CIEC) that could link our country with the only superpower in Asia. Such a project would find its reception in policymaking circles in Delhi and in the states through which it passes much smoother were Beijing to join with Washington and Moscow, rather than Islamabad, in welcoming India into the NSG on 24-25 June. The four decades of the NSG’s existence has shown that India has exercised complete restraint in matters of nuclear and missile proliferation, unlike some of its neighbours. The spotless record of Delhi in the field of missile technology has now been recognised by welcoming India into the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).

Similar restraint shown in the nuclear field ought to be rewarded by facilitating India’s entry into the NSG at its forthcoming meeting in Seoul. Blocking India would encourage those in India who are lobbying for the transfer of nuclear and missile technology from India to countries such as Vietnam and the Philippines. After all, if there is no reward for restraint, it would be better to sell defensive missile systems to friendly powers, especially such items as the Brahmos cruise missile, which has a $6 billion potential market within Asia itself.

Successive governments in India have stood by China in endorsing the 1950s inclusion within the PRC of Xinjiang and Tibet. This has been despite the fact that the Chinese authorities have issued stapled visas to visitors from that part of Kashmir that remained in India after the Nehru-Mountbatten ceasefire of 1949. In contrast, visitors to China from Pakistan Occupied Kashmir are given regular visas, the differential treatment signalling that China recognises the state as belonging to Pakistan, a diplomatic stance incompatible with the normalised relationship between Beijing and Delhi that is essential to the national interest of both countries.

In the past, India was among the first to recognise the PRC, and to lobby for the inclusion of Beijing not only into the United Nations but to the UN Security Council as well. It makes sense for both countries to act in concert on a range of issues and to tear down the many barriers which separate them, and which do not exist between India and the US or the EU or between China and the US or the EU. However, this depends on the CCP core placing the interests of the Chinese people above the phobia against India of the Pakistan army. Should Beijing show its willingness to engage with Delhi on the basis of mutual respect as would be apparent were it to back India’s NSG bid on 24-25 June, the obstacles erected by third parties between India and China would steadily get torn down.


There are 3 Comments

India's substantial merchandise trade with China has been created virtually from scratch since 2000, although there is a large imbalance that needs to be redressed if growth momentum is to be maintained. There is comparable potential for Chinese FDI into India. It would be creative diplomacy at its best if the two neighbours could overcome the constraints of the past and forge a more harmonious relationship. Pakistan may be useful as a pinprick for India but the state of its economy holds little promise for China.

'India''s entry into NSG through favorable and positive votes by NSG members of World will provide a competitive atmosphere for Pakistan''s desire to become NSG member like India at later years, thus, it would provide an indirect pressure on continuance of Pakistan''s illegal nuclear proliferation attempts on behest of China. Hence, it is the most favorable opportunity for World leaders to admit India as NSG member so that the game plan of China could be checked from further nuclear proliferation through Pakistan''s Army to most sensitive countries like North Korea and Iran. It has been game plan of China since very long time to block India from NSG membership on pretext of Pakistan so that Pakistan can be used tactically by China for its nuclear proliferation through Pakistan''s nuclear installation to checkmate both India and USA globally. USA should understand this China''s game plan and help India by vigorously lobbying India''s entry into NSG. India''s NSG membership will result Pakistan breaking away from China and their illegal partnership on indirect nuclear proliferation in the world. Pakistan will attempt to desist from further nuclear proliferation on behest of China in order to become NSG member like India in future. It is now more of China than Pakistan that is blocking India''s entry to NSG. World leaders should realize this tactical game plan of China and help India''s entry to NSG so that China could be stopped from nuclear proliferation in the World through Pakistan''s Army controlled Pakistan Nuclear installation.'' China's recent strategical objection of India's entry to NSG is both anti India and anti-Pakistan to proclaim itself as the undisputed leader in not only South Asia but also whole Asia. Mr Nalapat is becoming a party to China's autocratic and authoritarian attitude. World leader should stand up for both India and Pakistan by disassociating Pak Army from China's clutch for bringing terrorist free and peaceful South Asia thus giving India and Pak their international due at international arena

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