A new 1971 agreement needed to defeat threats

A new 1971 agreement needed to defeat threats

By M.D. Nalapat | 30 July, 2016
Just as the 1971 showdown with Pak needed to be preceded by a military agreement with USSR, the next showdown has made mandatory an understanding with US.

That names can be misleading is proved by “Azad Kashmir”, that part of the state which remained in the custody of Pakistan after Prime Minister J.L. Nehru and Deputy Prime Minister V. Patel agreed to Governor-General Lord Mountbatten’s proposal for a ceasefire beginning 1 January 1949. For the reality is, the only “azaadi” in that part of the globe is from Kashmiris, who have been almost totally replaced by Punjabis, the ethnic group that dominates Pakistan because of its control over the military. These days, there is some attention being paid to the policy differences between India’s first PM and his deputy, but there were many core issues on which the two agreed, including on the preservation of the colonial system of government and laws. If anything, Sardar Patel was even more convinced of the need to protect the prerogatives and power of the Imperial Civil Service (ICS) than was Nehru. Had Patel resisted the Mountbatten proposal, Nehru would have had to permit the Indian Army to recover the whole of the state, thereby giving India much greater strategic ability to influence Central and Western Asia than is the case at present.

Whether it be the 1950s’ refusal to replace China in the UN Security Council or the rejection that same decade of the Sultan of Oman’s offer to transfer Gwadar to India, or indeed the horror in both South Block and North Block that greeted the 2003 US proposal that India should station a division of its finest soldiers in the Kurdish region of Iraq (then and thereafter the quietest region in that country) or the continuing coyness about participating in the war on Daesh (ISIS) in a manner other than verbal, policymakers in this country have established a tradition of roaring like lions, while acting in the manner of mice, with all rare exceptions such as Indira Gandhi’s 1971 assistance to the Mukti Bahini to liberate that country from a genocidal army of occupation from Pakistan. As for Indira Gandhi, after bursts of courage (such as the 1974 Pokharan nuclear tests), she lapsed back into acquiescence in the wishes of international bullies, of course loudly protesting the opposite all the while. The 1974 tests (or indeed, those of 1998) were not followed by others designed to affix India firmly in the pantheon of global powers. Instead, the persistent fear of retribution that forms an affliction universal among Lutyens’ Zone policymakers in India, led to surrender after surrender of the prerogatives that independent effort by clusters of citizens had made possible for the country.

Although he has never been given credit, the fact is that it was Durga Prasad Dhar who was the architect of the India-USSR pact, which made intervention in Bangladesh feasible, as indeed he was for stiffening the spine of the Prime Minister, although later, in Shimla, the more emollient Parameshwar Nath Haksar got the upper hand and persuaded Indira Gandhi to make concessions to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto that has convinced the Pakistan establishment ever since that what is lost on the battlefield to India can always be regained at the conference table. This lack of fear of long-term consequences is what motivates countries to commit deeds against India with regularity, such as China’s decision at Seoul to block India’s entry into the NSG. Thus far, apart from sending home three Xinhua journalists (at least one of whom, Tang Lu, has consistently been a booster of India), nothing seems to have been done to ensure that Beijing feels any pain at ignoring the expressed wishes of India in the NSG meeting, not to mention Russia, whose leader Vladimir Putin has lost face in India and elsewhere, because of the way in which his request to Beijing to give up its opposition to India was ignored with contempt by that capital.

Forty-five years ago, there was a geopolitical need for an India-USSR pact wth military overtones. In the present era, there is a requirement for a similar arrangement with the US, that would increase the feasible retaliatory options for India once Daesh launches a mass terror attack within this country. Should such an agreement be reached on terms that are of mutual benefit to both the biggest democracies on the planet, the range of options in dealing with geopolitical challenges would substantially multiply.

Pakistan needs the backing of the US and China to continue to escalate its war of attrition on India. There is evidence that Washington may finally be getting more real so far as the generals in GHQ Rawalpindi are concerned, although as yet, China seems ready to place the interests of GHQ above that of good relations with India or even the request of Vladimir Putin, a leader who has gone out of his way to align Moscow with Beijing. If Islamabad is a tad less effective in international mobilisation on trouble spots such as Kashmir than was the case in the merry 1990s, it is because Delhi and Washington have come closer thanks to Narendra Modi and Barack Obama. Both being the leaders of countries with more than a sprinkling of lawyers, what is needed is to place such ties on a formal footing. Such an action would damp down optimism in Rawalpindi and concentrate minds in Beijing, who this far have taken as a joke any blowback for consistent actions designed to place India in the same box as Pakistan, rather than with China itself, which is where India belongs. Just as the 1971 showdown with Pakistan needed to be preceded by a military agreement with the USSR, the next showdown with that country has made mandatory a formal understanding with the US.

However, as yet, there does not seem to be any D.P. Dhar within the Lutyens’ Zone who could ensure that a 1971-style pact suited to the security needs of the present be worked out and signed by Prime Minister Modi and President Obama.

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Prof.Nalapath is one of the best analysts in the recent past contributing a lot to the intellectual diaspora.

Ii श्री स्वामी समर्थ नमस्कार ll Shri SwamiSamartha ll 1.India's i.e. Bharat's real need is to ensure " Total Unity Of All Of Its People In Spite Of Naturally Existing Complete Diversity." 2. This it can do only if its Government understands the real meaning of thd word "Nation ". Nation is " A well designated territory inhabitted by people who speak the same Language, Have the same History & Culture". 3. Viewed on the background of this definition, Bharat was never A Nation & It is now also not a Nation. Its extremely ancient Scriptures always referred to it by the name " Bharat Khund " in the Sanskrut Language which is thd most ancient language in the whole world. It is the realisation of the existence of this Basic Diversity that led to the reorganisation of Bharat in various Linguistic States in 1956. But quite laudable this was a half hearted effort. In view of its diversity, All Bharateeyas must understand that except only the Sanskrut Language, no other Bharatéya Language can ever be Common Language Of Entire Bharat. So, till Sanskrut Language is revived by teaching it & spreading it all over Bharat, English language must be usef as Common Language at least for ten years. So, in each State only two languages should be seen viz The State Language & English as the Official Language of the Central Government. 4. Then to ensure totally clean & transparent Government devoid of any Corruption as well as Crimes, Bharat Must throw away the prevailing Legal System & the Indian Penal Code both of which only aid all crimjnals at the total cost of all good people. This happens because of the totaly falty Present Principle which states " Doesn't Matter Even If 99 Crimjnals are let off, Not A Single Inocent Perdon Should Ever Be Punished. "This has resulted in the Chsin Reaction Of 99 Let Off Crimindlals attacking another set of totally Innocent 99 People and the chain continues Unabetted. As for example in June 2006 a man wad arrested because he murdred his wife. In the police investigation it came to ligt that he had murdered his first wife five years earlier and he was awarded Two Years Prison Sentence. After completeing his sentence he had married again and now murdered his second wife too. Had he befn executed ag the first jnstance the life of the second victim could have been saved. He was eating fóod for five years. But we see so many children starving. We have no mercy for children. Our murcy is reserved for Criminals. 5. The Principle of Laws must be " No Second Chance To A Once Proved Criminal ". That means any person who deliberately causes any damage to any other person loses his life if he is not able to prove his Iñnocence beyond any doubt whatsoever. Here people must understand the difference between " A genuine mistake done unknowingly & A Crime which never happens But It is Always deliberately Commited with proper planning ". So.while " To Err Is Certainly Human, It Is Completely Inhuman To Commit Any Crime." 6. Once this is done there will be no Corruption as well as Any Crime too. Peole ask How many people are you to kill as criminals. Answer is very simple. Only 5% People who are born as Criminals have to be killed at the very first crime they commit. This is based on the Logic that " On an average 5%People are born as Saintly,another 5% are born s Cyimknals and rest 90% are born as ordinary average people". So when fearful laws are made 95% people will say " Nevér commit any crime you will lose your life."5% Born Criminals will only commit crimes and they will be executed at the first chance only to save 95 % good people. 7. After these basic changes are done, we can now face the wicked part of the whold world. All peole will be bound bt the love and affection of their State Administration. This is best exemplified by the ever glowing example of the People of Mahsrashtr fighting relfntlessly for 27 continuous years from 1681 to 1707 against the most cruel Mughal King Aurangzeb. As soon as Chhatrapati ( Meaning King) Shivaji Maharaj the most illustrious King in the whole World died in 1680.Aurangzeb marched on to Mxharashtr with zn agmy of more than Five Lakhs of soldiers. He ravaged the whole country. As per great Historian Mr.Jadunath Sarkar, Marathas just duc not have military strength to defeat such hhge Army. They lost most of the battles but continued fighting relentlesly. They had no Generals of repute. There King Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj, son of ShivajiMaharaj was caught and tortured to death because he refused to convert to Islam. The war carried on. In 1700a.d. King Rajaram Maharaj too died. Thre was no King now. Queen Tarabai put on the saddle and carried on thd war till 17o7 a.d. when Aurangzeb died d a broken hearted man at Aurangabad in Mdharashtr. How did his histotic event happened? It happened due to the most just rule of Shivaji Maharaj. One of his great Generals had molested a lady. When this nes came to thd knowledge of ShivajiMagaraj, he started making enquries. His Council of Ministers told him that ghe General was very brave and so very useful for struggle for Independence. SjivajiMaharaj retorted saying " What is Independence if common ordinary person cannot live without fear. He ordred that the hands amd legs of hat General bd cutznd he be thrown to wolves in the jungle. It is this type of absolute justice that endeared Shivaji Maharaj to all people. The result wad seen in the most Unparalled war of 27continuous years. After Aurangzeb'death the Maratha Army spread all over Bharat. 8 So. the only way of creating a Bharat that will shine all over the world, is " Understanding Unity in Total Diversity & creating totally Just Adminidtration. Once this happens in Bharat the world will emulate it and a world of total peace and humanity will ensue. Wg. Cdr. V. N. Deshmukh (Retd.)

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