Bangladesh atrocities scrutinised in Westminster

Bangladesh atrocities scrutinised in Westminster

By ANTONIA FILMER | LONDON | 23 July, 2016

A meeting in Westminster this week focused on drawing attention to the current situation of religious minorities in Bangladesh. Hosted by MP Bob Blackman and supported by cross party MPs Virendra Sharma, David Burrows, David Bowles, Anne Main, Rushanara Ali, Rehman Chishti, Jim Fitzpatrick and Jim Shannon, the meeting was held under the initiative of human rights lawyer Samir Kumar Das. Widespread violations of human rights and persecution of minority religious groups including Hindus, Christians, Buddhists and tribal communities by extremist armed groups in Bangladesh persists and the recent ISIS-inspired jihadi attack against innocent diners at the Dhaka Holey Artisan Bakery in Bangladesh’s capital highlight the seriousness of the threat to peace and security in Bangladesh.

The UNGA Special Rapporteur on freedom of beliefs, Heiner Bielefeldt, the British High Commission in Dhaka, the UK Home Office, the US State Departments Spokesperson Jen Psaki, the United States Representative for Hawaii Tulsi Gabbard and Amnesty International UK have all condemned the abductions, rapes, evictions, land grabs and forced conversions. Freedom of thought and conscience is guaranteed by the Bangladesh Constitution. But it appears that international systems are powerless to stop these atrocities.

The audience heard that the recent wave of savage killings of minorities, especially Hindus, began following the death of Delwar Hossain Sayeedi in February 2013. Countless numbers of ordinary citizens and innocent foreign citizens have been brutally killed because of their religious belief or for secular thinking. The violent rapes of whole families and minor girls are diabolical. Justice is promised but there is no progress of the delivery of justice. The crimes perpetuated in the name of the religion are going visibly unpunished. These crimes are committed by small autonomous terrorist cells, whose principal common link is a millenarian ideology and dedication to the destruction of secular government. The rise of Islamic fundamentalism in Bangladesh is often attributed to the growing influence of ultraconservative interpretations of Islam stemming from the Gulf region, importing a toxic brand of political Islam; and evicting Hindus ensures that political Islam will succeed. A handful of determined killers, influenced by intensifying extremist ideology in their country of origin and the right to visa-free travel, as EU or US nationals, will create an additional nightmare for national security agencies.

Mihir Sarkar, campaigner for the Protection of Religious Minorities of Bangladesh and a survivor of the 1971 genocide, explained the religious demography in Bangladesh has changed in recent decades, mostly as a result of migration but Hindus are still the largest minority. In 1974, they numbered 13% of the population, today it is only 7%. Professor Mizanur Rahman, chairman of National Human Rights Commission Bangladesh, predicts Hindu numbers to be nil in 20 years. There is a perceived allegiance of Hindus to the Awami League. It has been alleged that Hindus never vote for BNP or Jamaat and members of all political parties are benefiting from the evictions and abandoned businesses. Hindus feel like second class citizens in Bangladesh, the political representation is below the percentage of population, with only 12 MPs out of 350, only one woman out of 30. Hindus hold few top posts in the security forces. A lack of commitment to combat this discrimination by any major party is pushing Bangladesh towards a failed state, in which religious minorities have been eliminated; whatever the atrocities committed on Hindus in Bangladesh there is no emotional or moral response from neighbouring West Bengal. The appalling Saradha Group scandal that exposed how funds related to the Ponzi chit scheme were made available to Jamaat-e-Islami suggests that money raised in India may be funding atrocities against Hindus in Bangladesh.

Many suggestions were put forward including help from India, restoration of the 1972 Constitution, international sanctions, representation that guarantees proper representation of minorities at government and non-government level, education reforms with a curriculum based on the value of independence and secularism taught as a compulsory subject at primary and secondary level and that organisations representing minorities need to beunited.

The amount of British aid given to Bangladesh was questioned and Bob Blackman will write to Priti Patel, UK’s new International Development Secretary, about this. In April 2016, UK’s Department for International Development allocated £224,500,000 to BRAC, a development organisation in Bangladesh.

There are 19 Comments

Antonia Filmer, can you do a bit more investigation before You write your rubbish, i.e comparatives of MP's like there is More Hindu MP's and Minority Groups like Bhuddists in the Navy People Chief of Navy is a Buddhist, Chief Justice is a Hindu, Minister without portfolio is also a Hindu, and there a many Hindus and Minorities in Government as Opposed to the Previous Terrorist Government of BNP and Jamaat Alliance, could you also give a Political Background history how the Extremism was born in Bangladesh, i.e after 1975 a democratically Leader and his family was assassinated in 1975, then Illegal Dictators like Khandokar Mostaq and Ziaur Rahman took over the nation, let all war criminals free, allowed them to come back to criminalise and corrupt the nation, also mention how the bnp Khaleda came into power through Pakistani ISI Funds in 1991, Yet to criminalise the nation, do the historical research and comparatives of death counts, corruption level, developments compared to the BNP and Jamaat Terrorist Alliance, Lets put it this way, get this data from Transparency International and World Bank, Under the regime of BNP and Jamaats many Hindus and Minorities were being killed, Land Grabbed, Death Counts, Terrorism, corruption was the highest under their watch, Bangladesh was also the Poorest Nation under their watch, also the most Corrupted nation under their watch, don't forget the Awami League came into power after 21 years, in 1996, they ONLY had 5 years time to clean up the Mess that was left by the Corrupt Army Dictators like Ziaur, Eshad, Khaleda and their Parties which were all born out of Army Illegal Coups all these goons knew what to do , is Loot, Rape, Corrupt and Criminlise the nation for those 21 years, Now HOW to do you expect the ONLY DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED Government like the Awami League to Clean of their 21 years of Criminalising the nation within Just 5 years ? These Illegal Army Parties Corrupted and Criminalised the nation for those 21 years, and laid the Political Criminal Mindset of the nation from Administration to Army to Police, They are also Cleaning up the Mess since they came into power in 2009, It was the Awami League that Brought Freedom and Independence to the nation but they were out of Power for over 30 plus years, and its NOW a "Lower Middle Income Nation" Now, under their watch, the nation dose NOT have the Label of being the "Most Poorest or the Most Corrupt Nation in the World" Now its a "Lower Middle Income Nation" ! I call that progress don't You, Bare in Mind You can Not compare virtually a Baby/Developing nation to a Developed Nation such as the UK, You have to do that comparatives with Developing nations like India, Pakistan on all Aspects from Industry, to Employment, to Child labour, Rape, Education, Health, Global Peace, Women Empowerment, Sanitary etc on data's. we our out performing these nation on this front. under the careful watch of the current government. In Comparison's Tell me How Many Minorities are being Slaughtered in Pakistan, India, and Myanmar Daily ? This is an Ill Educated Report and Observation, Please Retract and do the Political History and Comparatives of the Political Regimes of data of index and do a comparative to the current regime ! Before Durga Puja used to be Bombed and Grenade Attacked by the Illegal Terrorist Regime of BNP, Jamaats and JP Regimes ! Hindus were Not allowed to Practice their festivals freely like they are allowed to do Now under the current government ! GET IT ? This Report seems Highly Political and has a Political Biased, i.e for a Communist Political Agenda !

This defensive reaction, citing two pathetic token senior public appointments, instead of sympathy for the horrendous human rights abuses, fully documented by the UN, Amnesty and governments like the US and UK, friendly towards Bangladesh, is exactly the mindset that is resulting is terrorist genocide against Bangladesh's minorities and ruining the country's reputation worldwide. No additional research is required, least of all Antonio Filmer, who is the only journalist to have attended the seminar at the House of Commons and reported on it, a truly unprecedented act of upright journalism for which the Sunday Guardian is to be congratulated. Anyone interested can write to me and I will send the entire dossier of horrors in what is becoming the killing fields on Bangladesh for its Hindus, most of all, but others as well. This is why the Hindu population is down from 34% in 1947 to 8% now and predicted to be zero in twenty years. All of piece and no amount of self serving and invented apologia can conceal the murder of Hindu priests, seizure of property, desecration of temples and countless rapes of minors by some adherents to the religion of peace.

Some People are Politically DUMB ! Why don't You Find Out WHO the ex director of amNASTY is, it is "Irene Khan" who is Related to Terrorist Thieving BNP Tariq Rahman's Wife "Zubaidur Khan" , who is living in the UK creating more and more Terrorist Thieving Benefit Cheat Recruits for their Relatives ISIS in Syria, With their War Criminal Jamaat Friends of East London Mosque Mueen Uddin Choudhury's in the UK of East London Mosque, IFE, MCB etc ! Obviously Irene Khan's ex friends are writing these Biased Reports without EVEN giving comparatives of data of Human Rights Abuse When their Terrorist Thieving Friends BNP and Jamaat Alliance was in Power ! Can You Tell me Why is UK harbouring Terrorist Criminals in the UK which are creating Terrorist Recruits for their Political Agenda, i.e like Trevor Philips says "A state within a State" is and example of Tower Hamlets Jamaat BNP Politics, Where 10 Girls alone from the THF Cult TRIED to Join their Wahhabi Relatives/Friends in Syria and Iraq, VIA erDOGan's Wahhabi Turkey ? Your so called Human Rights Abuses have created more Terrorists in the UK for Supporting Terrorist Outfits like the BNP and Jamaat Alliance ! Bangladesh had suffered their terrorist thieving politics since 1975, we are well experienced about their terrorist thieving politics and now they have infested Britain with their Terrorist Thieving brand of Politics and You are the Brainwashed Product of their Politics ! Can YOU Also FIND OUT "WHY" the Terrorist Thieving Tariq Rahman of BNP and Jamaat is Black Listed in USA, and Why he NEVER goes to the USA, although his fathers side of the family live there, Even when his Father's Ziaur Rahman's Brother Died last Year WHY Tariq and Cult Didn't Attend his Funeral in the USA ? When his Brother Died Why didn't Terrorist Tariq Attend his OWN Brothers Funeral in Bangladesh ? DO SOME POLITICAL INVESTIGATION YOU TERRORIST CREATORS !!!!

Like Your Wahhabi Ajamal Maroor, Like the THF Cults, Dillwar Hussain of the Politically Biased News Portal called 5 Pillars, Do Some Political Research You Terrorist Ignorant ! it is you people that are fuelling terrorist politics into a peaceful nation like Bangladesh, do some historical Research before You Rant Your RUBBISH ! Tell me Who Created the Talibans, Who Created Al Qaeda, Who Created the ISIS, Who Armed and Trained them, Who Created the Terrorist BNP and Jamaats in Bangladesh after 1975 to Fight their Proxy Wars around the world ! First of All do the Research, then come up with an EDUCATED OPINION instead of an IGNORANT ONE !

Antonia Filmer, can you do a bit more investigation before You write your rubbish, i.e comparatives of MP's like there is More Hindu MP's and Minority Groups like Buddhists, Christians in the Navy, Chief of Navy is a Buddhist, Chief Justice is a Hindu from Sylhet, Minister without portfolio is also a Hindu also from Sylhet, and there a many Hindus, Buddhist, Christians and other Minority groups in Government in a predominantly Muslim Majority Nation as Opposed to the Previous Terrorist Government of BNP and Jamaat Alliance, could you also give a Political Background History how the Extremism was born in Bangladesh, i.e after 1975 A democratically Elected Leader Shiekh Mujib and his family was assassinated in 1975, By certain quarters that wanted to put in their terrorist wahhabi paki puppets, Then Illegal Puppet Right Wing Dictators like Khandokar Mostaq and Ziaur Rahman took over the nation, let all war criminals and their Fascist Political Ideologies free to roam around in Bangladesh, Ziaur The Terrorist Fascist Maker, allowed the War Criminal Fascist (defacto arm of terrorist pakistan) "Jamaat's" to come back to criminalise and corrupt the nation, and can You also mention how the BNP Khaleda came into power through Pakistani ISI Funds in 1991 and their Paki ISI Partner in crime DGFI (which ziaur created) that ran CTG Election Engineering, Yet again to criminalise the nation, do the historical research and comparatives of death counts, employment, terrorism, corruption level, developments compared to the Awami League, Compare the BNP and Jamaat Terrorist Alliance to Awami Leagues, Lets put it this way, get this data from Transparency International and World Bank, Under the regime of BNP and Jamaats many Hindus and Minorities were being killed, Land Grabbed, Death Counts, Terrorism, corruption were at its highest under their watch, Bangladesh was also the Poorest Nation under their watch, also the most Corrupted nation under their watch too, Don't forget the Awami League came into power after 21 years, in 1996, From 1975-96 =21 years gap out of Power, For 21 years illegal Regimes and their corrupt Militant Dictatorships were running the nation within Alliance with War Criminals of 1971, The Awami League ONLY had 5 years time to clean up the Mess that was left behind by these Illegal Corrupt Army Dictators like Ziaur, Eshad, Khaleda and their Parties which were all born out of Army Illegal Coups all these goons knew what to do , i.e, is Loot, Rape, Corrupt, Criminalize and Poliltically Brainwash the nation for those 21 years, Now HOW do you expect the ONLY DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED Government like the Awami League to Clean of their 21 years of Criminalising and Corrupting the nation within Just 5 years in 1996 -2001 ? These Illegal Army Parties and their regimes, Corrupted and Criminalised the nation for those 21 years, and laid the Political Foundation of their Criminal Mindset of the nation, from Administration to Army to Police, The Awami League are Cleaning up the Mess that the Previous Illegal Regimes Left behind, since the AL came into power in 2009, It was the Awami League that Brought Freedom and Independence to the nation in 1971, but they were out of Power for over 30 plus years, and its NOW a "Lower Middle Income Nation", under their watch, the nation dose NOT have the Label of being the "Most Poorest or the Most Corrupt Nation in the World" Now its a "Lower Middle Income Nation" ! I call that progress don't You, Bare in Mind You can Not compare virtually a Baby/Developing nation to a Developed Nation such as Yours The UK where You Looted other Nations, such as Bengal, in order to have the status of a "Developed Nation", What You Nedd to do , is do comparatives with Developing nations like India, Pakistan on all Aspects from Industry, to Employment, to Child labour, Rape, Education, Health, Global Peace, Women Empowerment, Sanitary etc on data's. Now if you do these comparatives You will certainly know that We our out performing these nation on this front. under the careful watch of the current government. In Comparison's Tell me How Many Minorities are being Slaughtered in Pakistan, India, and Myanmar Daily compared to our nation ? This is an Ill Educated Report and Observation, Please Retract and do the Political History and Comparatives of the Political Regimes of data of index and do a comparative to the current regime to the Previous illegal regimes of BNP/Jamaat and JP/Jamaat Alliance ! Before Durga Puja used to be Bombed and Grenade Attacked by the Illegal Terrorist Regime of BNP, Jamaats and JP, Jamaat Regimes, So Tell me How many Minorities were in the Government of BNP, Jamaat and JP, Jamaat Regimes Compared to the Awami League Regime ? Hindus were Not allowed to Practice their festivals freely like they are allowed to do Now under the current government ! GET IT ? Now also Tell me When Britain were DEVELOPING it was still in the stages of a 3rd World Status, HOW MANY MINORITIES DID YOU HAVE IN GOVERNMENT i.e Hindu's, Jews, Muslims, Sikhs Etc When Your Nation was NOT Developed ? i.e For Example during the 13th-14th century of King Henry the 8th ? How Many Minorities did You have in Parliament let alone Protestant V Catholics ? This Report seems Highly Political and has a Political Biased, i.e for a Communist Political Agenda ! And Please Do Not Compare a DEVELOPED NATION Like YOUR'S to a "DEVELOPING NATION" Like Ours "Bangladesh" which is ONLY 45 years old, How Old is UK ? its Over 200 years old, Tell me Did You have any Human Rights When You would Looting other nations, Where was the Human Rights When You got African, Indian, Irish, Chinese Slaves Developing Your Nation, they were the ones who built Your railways,Transportation's, NHS, Infrastructure, Education, Where were the Human Rights and Minority Cards when You was Building Your Nation, Why do Comparatives to Your "Developed" which is Well Over 200 years to a Nation that is the YOUNGEST in the Asian Subcontinent "Bangladesh" Which is ONLY 45 years old, You had a least 200 to 300 years Head Start then Bangladesh, After Looting Bengal, hence Developed, India and Pakistan had a 25 years Head start, And compared to them, we are the youngest nation and in many indicies we are out performing them in many fields, from Industry, employment, health education, GDP, Currencies to peace index's, under the Watchful Eye and Management of the Current Government ! Out of the 45 years since Bangladesh Birth in 1971, 30 years of the Life Span of Bangladesh was taken over by Wahhabi Petro Dollar Illegal Right Wing Militants with Jamaat Alliance hence a Fascist Dumb tribal petro dollar terrorist wahhabi Political Mindset of the nation was born. Not easy to clean up such a fascist racist mindset set when the previous illegal leaders had the same fascist terrorist mindsets like the bnp/jamaat and jp/jamaat alliance. is it now ?

Sayda Khan is affiliated to a political party and defending her party A number of British member parliamentarians have expressed their concerns. In the recent times, uk foreign minister Mr. Hugo Swire has admitted the fact of minorities persecution in two debates in the house of commons. There is no room of denial of fact.

@ sunday times article on minorities Research the Political History it was YOUR SUNDAY TIMES that Exposed the Pakistani Atrocities in Bangladesh in 1971 Genocides, Start from the Political history of 1975 Who put these BNP and Jamaat Terrorists outfits in Bangladesh that's infested in Bangladesh.

Many thanks to guardian for an informative article. It may hurt fundamentalist who does not respect other religion.

Yes it will hurt Fundamentalist Jamaat Supporters like YOU ! Who Exposes Your Terrorist Fascist Divisional Wahhabi Politics in the UK ! Won't it, Where is YOUR Friend Guardian getting such information from, Certainly NOT the Secular Muslim Bangladeshis, it is from Your Terrorist Jamaats like Dillawar Hussains and East London Jamaat Agents, WITHOUT EVEN VERIFYING THE INFORMATION THAT THEY ARE RECEIVING FROM A SECONDARY or a Third Source Regarding their Biased Political Wahhabi Jamaat Narratives ! Tareq Rahman, son of late President Ziaur Rahman and former Prime Minister Begum Khaleda Zia, was born on November 20, 1966 in Karachi. Tareq is married to Zubeida, daughter of the former Navy Chief MA Khan. Zubeida is a physician by profession. They have one daughter, Zaima Rahman. Tareq Rahman took up business, setting up a textile mill in 1988 as well as starting a water transport business. He actively took up politics in 1993, becoming a general member of the Bogra unit of BNP. In an effort to defeat the Awami League (AL), the major political party that had ruled the nation from 1996-2001, the BNP entered into an alliance with two Islamic parties that seek the theocratization of Bangladesh, the Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh (JEI) and Islami Oikya Jote/Islamic Unity Alliance (IOJ), as well as with a dissident faction of the secular Jatiya Party. In the October 2001 parliamentary elections, the BNP alliance captured 215 seats (BNP: 191, coalition partners: 24) against the Awami League’s acquisition of only 62 seats And the son of PM khaleda zia Tareq Rahman become the senior vice chairman of the Party-BNP and become the key man of 4 party alliance . The Jamat-e-islami Bangladesh basically become desparate to have the tie with Tareq rahman and started massacre country wide . The empire built by Tarique and his crony Giasuddin al-Mamun was exposed for inspection by the intelligence agencies and their findings started making headlines: bank accounts in Switzerland, Singapore, South Africa, Malaysia; investments in UAE; deals with Subrata Bain and Daud Ibrahim; Khamba Limited, Channel One, Dandy Dyeing, Orion, One Group; commissions, extortions, lobbying. He directly worked for nursing islami militants in Bangladesh during 2001-2006 The rise of violent Islamic militancy in Bangladesh is now a part of South Asia . The desperately poor country with large ungoverned tracts could become a haven for Islamic terrorists, forced to vacate other countries.. There is no denying the fact that fundamentalism feeds on ignorance and poverty. Ignorance begets fear, lack of judgment, intolerance, cowardice and faith-based, unscientific beliefs. Ignorant people can be misled quite easily, and people who live in a perpetual state of poverty understandably turn to faith. Political parties with a Wahabi-leaning have long operated in Asia and Africa with the backing of Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, they operate as 'Jamat-e-Islami', in Africa as 'Islamic Brotherhood', in Malaysia and Indonesia as 'Jamaa-al-Islam' and in Central Asia as 'Islamic Movement'. In Bangladesh many militant fundamentalist groups and factions function under the umbrella of Jamat-e-Islami There are 125 groups of Islami Militants in Bangladesh . They are 1. Afghan council 2. Hadisa of Allah 3. Allah hadisa Youth Association 4. Islam Allah hadisa tabaliga 5. Ahasaba Forces 6. Al haramaina 7. Al Al harata isalamiya 8. Al-Islam Brigades martiyasa 9. Al-Islam Integration Council 10. Al Jazeera 11. Al-Jihad Bangladesh 12. Al khedamata 13. Al-Quran Al-kurata martiyasa 14. Al-Quran Al-markajula 15. Al mujahida 16. Al-Qaeda 17. Forces of Nature mujahida 18. Al tanajiba 19. Al ulphaha 20. The team 21. The Party Brigade 22. The Council iyalpha 23. Amanatula phokana al khairiya 24. Amirate dbina 25. Anjumane talamija Islamia 26. Anasaraulkaha musalamina 27. Arakan Army 28. Arakan Liberation phaddhanta 29. Arakan Liberation Party 30. Mujahida Party of Arakan 31. Arakan People's Army 32. Arakan rohinga Force 33. Arakan rohinga Islamic phaddhanta 34. National Organisation Arakan rohinga 35. Bangladesh government to protect Islam 36. Bangladesh anti-terror group 37. World Islamic phaddhanta 38. Daoyate Islam 39. Demotrekratika Party of Arakan 40. Al ebatadatula musalamina 41. Ehasaba Forces 42. Dba Islamic pharai ¯ 43. Islam Al-Jihad harakate 44. Harakatula Jihad 45. Hayatula igacha 46. Khatame custody nabuoyata 47. Hiyabuta taharira 48. Abu Omar hiyaba 49. Hiyabula mahadi 50. User hiyabulkaha Bangladesh 51. Hiyabulkaha Islamic Society 52. Hiyabuta Tawheed 53. Hikamatula Jihad 54. Al ebatadatula musalimiya 55. Ikatadula talaha al musalimina 56. International Movement khatame nabuoyata 57. Ikatadula tulaha al musalimina 58. Isalahula musalimina 59. The Islamic Council biptabi 60. The Islamic Jihad Group, "The 61. The Liberation Tigers of Bangladesh 62. Islamic Media Media 63. Constitution of the Islamic Movement 64. Islamic army 65. Islamic salidariti phaddhanta 66. Al Jadid kayeda 67. Bengali Muslim awake 68. Awake Muslim Janata Bangladesh 69. Free Password Sadat 70. Jamaat-ul-Islam mujahida 71. Coat, Bangladesh atula mujahidina 72. Coat, atula phaliya 73. Bangladesh Jamaat-modaccherina 74. Jamaat tulaba 75. Jamaat ahiya 76. Jamaat phaliya 77. Jamatula by mujahida 78. Jamaat-Allah hadisa 79. Jamaye mohalphadiya erabiya 80. Jamaat-e-Islami salidariti phaddhanta 81. Jamayatula ahiya uta - turaja 82. More hakikata 83. Jayasa Audio 84. Mohammed jayasa 85. Juphlatula al-Sadat 86. Buy kalamaye 87. Kalema E - daoyata 88. Bangladesh Council of khatame nabuoyata 89. Bangladesh khatame nabuoyata Committee 90. Khidamate Islam 91. Khilafat Majlis 92. Kitala fee sabililkaha 93. Kotala Forces 94. Miyanamara Liberation Force 95. Mecca Al lujana khayera 96. Majalise tahaphuja khatame nabuoyata 97. Mujahideen taiyaba 98. Liberation of Muslim phaddhanta barma 99. The Muslim Council for Sharia milkata 100. Muslim Mujahideen Bangladesh 101. Muslim Mujahideen rd 102. The National Party of Arakan uinaiteda 103. Nejame Islamic Party 104. Ribhaibhala of Islamic Heritage 105. Rohinga Independent Force 106. Islamic rohinga phaddhanta 107. Rohinga pyatriyatika phaddhanta 108. Rohinga salidariti Organisation 109. Sahaba soldier 110. Sahadata - E - Al hikama 111. Al-Arafat Brigade sahida nasirullaha 112. Satyabada 113. It - Amir uladbina 114. Tahaphija haramaina 115. Tamira Uddin, Bangladesh 116. Tanajima Bangladesh 117. Tanajimi khatame nabuoyata 118. Tauhidi meeting 119. United Association of Arakan Movement studenta 120. Islamic oyarata phaddhanta 121. Phaddhanta of the Islamic Jihad 122. Sahadate nabuoyata 123. Young Muslims 124. We dhakabasi 125. Student Track All these groups are anyhow connected with Bangladesh Jamaat-e-islam which has a tie with Bangladesh Nationalist party and Tareq rahman is the senior vice chairman and the son of Ex-Prime Minister Khaleda zia . No other Muslim country can boast of such a large number of militant groups; not even Pakistan or Afghanistan - the well-known breeding grounds for Islamic fanaticism. What explains this is the fact that Jamat-e-Islami has become a partner of the ruling party only in Bangladesh. Even in Afghanistan, Jamat-e-Islami's partner organization could go to power but could not hold on to it for long. Although Jamat-e-Islami is part of the coalition government in the North West in Pakistan, the party comprises opposition in the center. Jamaat's stand on the 'war against terrorism', however, contrasts sharply to that of the more established parties. Shortly after the US attacks on Afghanistan began in October 2001, Jamaat created a fund for "helping the innocent victims of America's war". According to Jamaat, Tk12m (US$210,000) was raised before the effort was discontinued in March. Remaining funds, Jamaat says, will go to Afghan refugees in camps in Pakistan Anti-US rhetoric has continued. In December 2001, Maulana Ubaidul Haq, the khatib (cleric), of Bangladesh's national mosque, Baitul Mukarram, and a Jamaat associate, publicly condemned the US war on terror and urged followers to wage holy war against the USA. "President Bush and America is the most heinous terrorist in the world. Both America and Bush must be destroyed. The Americans will be washed away if Bangladesh's 120 million Muslims spit on them," the cleric told a gathering of hundreds of thousands of Bangladeshi Muslims which included several highranking government officials. The 26 October 2005 issue of the Daily 'Sangbad' published a photographic report depicting Jamat-e-Islami's connection with Afghan militancy. The report titled 'Jamat's Afghan connection' carried a photograph of Jamat leader and parliamentarian Maolana Sobhan along with Hekmatiar. Maolana Sobhan had had a meeting with Hekmatiar somewhere in Peshawar, Pakistan. The 7 November 2005 issue of the Daily Star published an investigative report by Julfikar Manik establishing IOJ's connection with al-Qaeda with ample evidence. Inspired by the Islamic Revolution of Mollah Omar, the Bangladeshi Talibans published a bulletin under the same nomenclature in August 1998. The bulletin published an interview of extremist leader Maolana Habibur Rahman from Sylhet who gave an overview of his visit to Afghanistan along with other IOJ stalwarts, his meeting with bin Laden and participation in the war against the erstwhile Soviet Union. In March 1998 a nine-member delegation led by IOJ leader Shaikhul Hadith Azizul Haq visited Afghanistan at the invitation of Harkatul Jihad. The delegation also included former Member of Parliament and BNP leader Maolana Ataur Rahman. The 2001-06 BNP-Jamaat government turned a blind eye to the rise of militancy and corruption Here I will discuss how is was connected with Islami Militants ; Islamists tied to the International Khatme Nabuwat Movement (IKNM) wreaked havoc in Pakistan and Indonesia and are active in many other Muslim-majority countries with the declared goal of “preserving the finality of Muhammad’s prophethood.” Throughout 2004 and into 2005, the Khatme Nabuwat (KN), an umbrella organization of Islamist groups dedicated to the preservation of “the finality of the prophethood” of Muhammad, has threatened the Ahmadiya community with attacks on their mosques and campaigned for Ahmadis to be declared non-Muslim. The KN enjoys links to the governing Bangladesh National Party (BNP) through the BNP’s coalition partners, the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) and the IOJ. In March 1999, IOJ chairman Amini told a public meeting: “We are for Osama [bin Ladin], we are for the Taliban, and we will be in government in 2000 through an Islamic revolution.” And observed in one of the concluding paragraphs: This BNP-Islamic coalition strengthened countrywide forces supporting the Islamization of Bangladesh and the imposition of the rule of sharia (Islamic law). Many of the leading Islamic radicals active today in Bangladesh came through the ranks of JEI’s youth wing, Islami Chhatra Shibir (ICS) and reportedly continue to maintain contacts with the organization. To be sure, in the wake of the coalition’s formation, Islamic militants have increased their harassment of, and attacks on, the political opposition, religious and sectarian minorities, and secular intellectuals, journalists, and citizens. The secular opposition Awami League (AL) is a primary target of Islamic extremists. In August 2004, Islamic militants tried to assassinate AL opposition leader Sheikh Hasina at a political rally. AL politician Ivy Rehman was killed in a grenade attack along with twenty others, and hundreds of people were injured. In January 2005, a grenade attack on an AL rally killed a former finance minister, his nephew, and three AL activists Tareq Rahman allegedly masterminded the botched supply of 10 truckloads of Chinese arms to ULFA boss Paresh Baruah with ISI help when his mother headed the BNP-led coalition government. The cache of arms included Chinese made 27,020 grenades, 840 rocket launchers, 300 accessories of rocket launchers, 2,000 grenade launching tubes, 6,392 magazines and 1,140,520 bullets, which, according to a Bangladeshi intelligence official, could have triggered 20 Mumbai type attacks if ULFA had got them. Sources say that Bangladesh Task Force Interrogation (TFI) officials conducting the investigation are all set to frame charges against Rahman. Former Jamaat-e-Islami emir and industries minister Matiur Rahman Nizami, former BNP home minister of state Lutfozzaman Babar, who is in CID custody, Paresh Baruah and several others have been charged in the arms haul case. Baruah's whereabouts are not known as he reportedly fled Bangladesh after the crackdown on Indian insurgents by the Hasina government. The TFI has not ruled out the involvement of Khaleda Zia herself in the plot as she headed the home ministry in the absence of a full minister. According to attorney general Mahbubey Alam and additional attorney general M.K. Rahman, who represented the state, Babar, a close confidant of Tarique Rahman and one of the prime accused in the arms haul case will be produced at the Chittagong court on Monday. Speaking to The Sunday Guardian, Shafiqul Islam, the president of the Awami League, Russia unit, said, "Babar as the state minister for home affairs, was never involved in any serious case without instructions from Tarique, but, fearing revenge, he may not recognise Tarique's involvement." Sources say that Indian intelligence authorities had information about Tarique Rahman's meetings with Baruah at a posh Dhaka hotel. "Hafizur Rahman has confessed before the magistrate (of a Bangladeshi court) that he had met Tarique at Hawa Bhaban along with Ulfa leader Paresh Baruah on April 1, 2004," Bangladesh's state-run news agency BSS quoted a senior police official as saying A Human Rights Watch report, Bangladesh: Breach of Faith (2005), had stated that Khatme Nabuwat had close links to the ruling BNP through the Jamaat-e-Islami and the IOJ, its coalition partners. It was the same Noor Hossain Noorani who had said Tarique Rahman, senior secretary general of the BNP, was their ‘amir and same-aged friend,’ and had threatened police officials saying Tarique would directly intervene if Khatme Nabuwat’s anti-Ahmadiyya campaign was obstructed. According to reports, high-up intelligence agency officials (DGFI, NSI) had mediated contacts between the ruling party and Khatme Nabuwat. He had met the DGFI chief in Dhaka cantonment thrice, Noorani had thus boasted to Satkhira reporters in 2005, a statement never publicly refuted by the intelligence agency (Tasneem Khalil, The Prince of Bogra, Forum, April 2007, issue withdrawn, article available on the internet). A Human Rights Watch report, Bangladesh: Breach of Faith (2005), had stated that Khatme Nabuwat had close links to the ruling BNP through the Jamaat-e-Islami and the IOJ, its coalition partners.It was the same Noor Hossain Noorani who had said Tarique Rahman, senior secretary general of the BNP, was their ‘amir and same-aged friend,’ and had threatened police officials saying Tarique would directly intervene if Khatme Nabuwat’s anti-Ahmadiyya campaign was obstructed.According to reports, high-up intelligence agency officials (DGFI, NSI) had mediated contacts between the ruling party and Khatme Nabuwat. He had met the DGFI chief in Dhaka cantonment thrice, Noorani had thus boasted to Satkhira reporters in 2005, a statement never publicly refuted by the intelligence agency (Tasneem Khalil, The Prince of Bogra, Forum, April 2007, issue withdrawn, article available on the internet). We have discussed this program with Tarique Bhai (an apparent reference to Tarique Rahman) central and local IKNM leaders threatened to turn the capital Dhaka into a “bleeding battleground” on December 23, if the government does not declare the Ahmadiyas as “non-Muslims” by then, from a rally — attended by about 7,000 people — in Sathmatha after Jumma prayers. “This is just a warm-up and we are not using the least bit of violence, but if they (Ahmadiyas) are not declared non-Muslims by December 23, we are all-set for a blood-bath in Dhaka,” Maulana Noor Hossain Noorani, told the rally. “We have discussed this program with Tarique Bhai (an apparent reference to Tarique Rahman) and he has assured us that we will have all-out support from the administration in carrying it out,” Maulana Mumtazi said. After the rally, a four-member team of the IKNM — lead by Maulana Mumtazi — was taken to the Ahmadiya mosque by some police officials. Earlier, they (police and IKNM leaders) discussed and agreed upon a “procedure to end the rally peacefully.” Police lead by SP Mortaza thanked the IKNM leaders for leading a “well-organised rally” and offered full-cooperation while thousand of IKNM activists, carrying long-sticks, kept the town under siege. Till filing of this wire (9 pm) police was guarding the signboard in front of the Ahmadiya mosque. At the rally in Bogra, Mufti Noor Hossain Noorani declared that Tarique, “the guardian of Bogra,” was “our Amir and same-aged friend” and threatened the police officials with Tarique’s direct intervention if IKNM’s demands were not met. The riot-gear clad police melted down before the bigots and gave in. Weeks later, a video footage of the statement came into my possession and is now hosted online at my blog (see end of this story for the address). “We are part of the alliance-government. We have already consulted with Bhaiya (Tarique Rahman) and DGFI (Directorate General of Forces Intelligence). They have offered us full support,” with a broad smile on his face a central IKNM leader told me hours before the rally at Sathmatha while a few others smiled and nodded in agreement. We hold regular meetings at the cantonment.” ... “Tarique Rahman is our leader, we are part of the government. In fact, whoever opposes us, the so-called civil society are the enemies of the Bangladesh state.” April, 2005. In Satkhira, Noorani told local newsmen that he met the DGFI chief in Dhaka cantonment thrice and consulted over a possible bill in Parliament declaring the Ahmadiyas as “non-Muslims.” Weeks later, copies of a CD containing the video footage (a clip also hosted at my blog now) of that press briefing were circulating in Dhaka and reached the hands of human rights activists and the international community. Noteworthy is that the DGFI never issued any public rebuttal dismissing any of the claims made by Noorani. One of my sources close to the DGFI told me that the DGFI chief had received queries on the footage from different directions. Explaining his alleged ties with IKNM, Major General Rumi told at least one member of the diplomatic corps in Dhaka that he did have meetings with IKNM leaders as the Prime Minister Khaleda Zia directly instructed him. The DGFI chief was not the only state official exploited by Khaleda Zia and her son in sponsoring the IKNM. Following the footsteps of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and General Zia-ul-Haq of Pakistan who used the anti-Ahmadiya hate groups there to gain control over Islamists in the 1970s, Tarique Rahman wanted to build IKNM as his own army of ultra-right storm-troopers. In engineering the countrywide hate campaigns, Tarique was assisted by the then chief of National Security Intelligence (NSI) Major General Rezzakul Haider Chowdhury. As local and international fury was building up on the Ahmadiya issue, in late 2005, I was told by one of my sources close to the agency that the NSI chief had assigned one of his deputies to pressure the leaders of the Ahmadiya Muslim Jamaat in signing a testimony stating that the Ahmadiya community in Bangladesh were enjoying absolute religious freedom and were not suffering any violence or hate campaigns. A delegation of Ahmadiya leaders who reportedly met four NSI officials humbly turned down the offer demanding that the government first take steps to free their mosques under occupation in different parts of the country. Tarique’s anti-Ahmadiya adventure aimed at gaining political currency with the right was carried out with active participation by two of his most trusted men: then State Minister for Home Affairs Lutfuzzaman Babar and Mossadek Ali Falu. While Babar made sure that the police assist IKNM with their rallies and mosque defacements, Falu was in charge of coordinating with their leaders and different madrasahs that fed IKNM with a supply of young members. “Every time the police obstructs an IKNM program, Babar picks up his phone and showers the officers with obscene threats. Who is going to stand up to the home minister,” one of my sources close to the Hawa Bhaban told me in early 2006. The same source detailed earlier in 2004 how Mossadek Ali Falu used madrasah students close to IKNM for casting fake votes in the Dhaka 10 by-election. Jama’atul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) and Jagrata Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB) Formed in the late 1990s, the two organizations, said to be sister/twin organizations, seek the violent creation of an Islamic, sharia-based state in Bangladesh. The JMB has been led by a triumvirate consisting of Maulana Abdur Rahman, 50, a former activist of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JEI), Siddiqul Islam alias Bangla Bhai, also a leader of the JMJB, and Muhammad Asadullah al-Ghalib, the chief of another Islamic outfit, Ahle Hadith Andolon Bangladesh (AHAB). Abdur Rahman is considered JMB’s spiritual leader, while Bangla Bhai is reportedly its operational chief. The JMB/JMJB leadership suffered a significant setback when Bangladeshi authorities arrested Ghalib in February 2005 and Rahman and Bhai in March 2006. The JMB is responsible for Bangladesh’s first suicide bombing attack—the November 29, 2005, attack on two courthouses in Ghazipur and Chittagong that killed nine people—and for other suicide bombings since. It specifically targets lawyers and judges in its effort to undermine the non-Islamic judicial system currently in place. The JMB is linked to the global jihad in several ways. It is a sister organization to Jama’atul Mujahideen groups in India and Pakistan. It reportedly procures arms and explosives from militant groups in Pakistan, Myanmar, Thailand, India, and China. Furthermore, the JMB is said to receive funds from donors in Kuwait, the UAE, Bahrain, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Libya. The Kuwait-based Revival of Islamic Heritage Society, whose assets were blocked by the U.S. and the UN in 2002 for its links with Al-Qaida, has reportedly funded JMB and is suspected of funding the August 2005 bomb blasts. Others NGOs, including Doulatul Kuwait, UAE-based Al Fuzaira, Khairul Ansar Al Khairia, Bahrain-based Doulatul Bahrain, and the Saudi Arabia-based Al Haramain Islamic Institute have reportedly provided, over the years, a generous amount of funding to the organization. JMB is closely linked with the ruling coalition’s JEI. Many of its members are drawn from the Islamic Chhatra Shibir (ICS)—the JEI’s student wing. The JMB is a multilayered organization with finance, public relations, external relations, recruitment, intelligence and military wings. It is said to have terrorist training bases across Bangladesh and about 10,000 full-time and 100,000 part-time members. JMB’s first violent act was reported to be the February 2003 bomb explosions in Dinajpur, which wounded three people. In August 2005, JMB claimed responsibility for detonating 459 synchronized bombs across Bangladesh. Bombs went off in 63 of Bangladesh’s 64 districts, mainly targeting government institutions and public areas, killing two people and injuring more than a dozen others. In leaflets left at the site of the explosions, JMB said: “We’re the soldiers of Allah. We’ve taken up arms for the implementation of Allah’s law.… It is time to implement Islamic law in Bangladesh. There is no future with man-made law.” The leaflets also warned the United States and Britain: “It is also to warn Bush and Blair to vacate Muslim countries, or to face Muslim upsurge.” On March 30, Siddiqul Islam Bangla Bhai, Shaykh Abdur Rahman and five other JMB militants were hanged in different jails around the country. The mystery surrounding who was the lead sponsor of JMB was never publicly exposed. By now we know about some junior BNP ministers and MPs who aided JMB at the initial stage. However, we are yet to hear the whole story. Just a few days before the executions my chance conversation with a regional commander of JMB opened a new lead on the story. “Minister Aminul Haque and Dulu (Ruhul Quddus) used to have regular meetings with leader (Bangla Bhai) in 2003 then in 2004. Then they used to consult directly with Tarique Rahman over Aminul Haque’s mobile phone. Leader used to inform Tarique before every crucial operation and seek his support,” he detailed. Confirming this version, a recent report by vernacular daily Bhorer Kagoj quoted JMB sources who claimed that Bangla Bhai maintained such a close tie with Tarique Rahman that he used to address Tarique as mama (maternal uncle). Even after the August 2005 bombings Tarique’s support for the jihadist organizations in Bangladesh continued. On many occasions intelligence officials tried investigating financial links of these terrorist organizations and faced huge pressure from government high-ups. “It was Tarique who played the dirty game and derailed investigations, always,” one senior intelligence official told me about their frustrations. – On March 23, The Daily Star reported: Intelligence agencies may investigate alleged links between arrested Senior Joint Secretary General of BNP Tarique Rahman and Dubai-based Indian underworld don Daud Ibrahim. Communications Adviser M.A. Matin made this comment to reporters yesterday when he was asked about a Kolkata-based newspaper report that quoted Indian intelligence agency officials as saying Tarique had close links with Ibrahim as well as the al-Qaeda. “I saw this in newspapers but this is just a bit of information. Now it is the duty of the intelligence agencies to investigate the matter and find out the evidence,” he said. The government will have to check the veracity of the report’s claims, he added. A report titled “Khaleda’s son contacted Daud to buy arms” was published by the daily Anandabazar Patrika citing an intelligence report of the Indian external affairs ministry. Tarique also established contacts with the al-Qaeda through his involvement in the international money laundering, the report claimed. The newspaper said Tarique and the then National Security Intelligence director general Rezzakul Haider Chowdhury travelled to Dubai in March 2006 to secure a series of deals at a Dubai hotel to buy arms and ammunition in the lead up to the cancelled January 22 parliamentary elections. The report said Tarique also purchased a palatial mansion worth $60 million in Dubai. The two also came to an understanding that Tarique would buy large swaths of land which would be locally managed by Ibrahim, the report claimed. JMB’s militant activities are also said to be supported by Pakistan’s intelligence agency, which also supports other global jihad-linked groups, particularly Pakistani terrorist groups operating in Kashmir. The JMB is said to have links with Al-Qaida. Its leader, Rahman, is reported to have met Bin Ladin in Afghanistan. Rahman fought with the mujahideen in Afghanistan and reportedly told interrogators that he had received training in making bombs, handling explosives, and operating sophisticated firearms while there. In December 2005, Bangladeshi security forces arrested Chittagong leader of JMB, Aman Ullah, who told the media that JMB has close links with Al-Qaida Major Terrorist Attacks in Bangladesh: 2005-06 January 27, 2005: A grenade attack in Hobijong killed Awami League member of Parliament and former finance minister Shah AMS Kibria. August 17, 2005: JMB militants set off nearly 500 small bombs across Bangladesh that killed two people and injured 100 others. October 3, 2005: Suspected JMB militants killed two people and wounded fifteen when they hurled five bombs at court buildings in three districts outside Dhaka. November 14, 2005: A JMB/JMJB bomb attack on a minibus taking judges to work killed two judges . November 29, 2005: JMB attacks on two Bangladeshi courthouses in Chittagong and Gazipur, killing nine people. December 1, 2005: A suspected JMB suicide bomber killed one person and injured ten others in Gazipur. December 8, 2005: In the central Bangladeshi town of Netrokona, a JMB suicide bomber killed eight people and wounded 50.– That Tarique Rahman was one of the key sponsors of right-wing militancy in Bangladesh is one of the most under-reported stories of the past five years. Tareq rahman used to recruite Islami militants directly or indirectly from Madrassah & Rohingas.. In an interview with the Karachi-based newspaper, Ummat on 28 September 2001, Bin Laden said: "There are areas in all parts of the world where strong jihadi forces are present, from Indonesia to Algeria, from Kabul to Chechnya, from Bosnia to Sudan, and from Myanmar to Kashmir." He was most probably referring to a small group of Rohingyas on the Bangladesh-Myamnar border. Many of the recruits were given the most dangerous tasks in the battlefield, clearing mines and portering. According to Asian intelligence sources, recruits were paid Tk30,OOO ($525) on joining and then Tk10,OOO ($175) per month. The families of recruits killed in action were offered Tk100,000 ($1,750). Recruits were taken mostly via Nepal to Pakistan, where they were trained and sent on to military camps in Afghanistan. It is not known how many people from this part of Bangladesh - Rohingyas and others - fought in Afghanistan. According to Asian intelligence reports, many of HUJI's members may also have been recruited from Rohingya settlements in the southeastern corner of the country HUJI is headed by an extremist cleric from Chittagong, Maulana Sheikh Farid, who also maintains links with like-minded groups in Pakistan While we see stories on how he and his cronies used public money and offices to fatten their wallets there seems to be a conspiracy of silence as to his role as the Amir of jihad in Bangladesh. That the story of militancy in Bangladesh is not complete without the details of Tarique’s involvement is a fact we must come to terms with before it is too late — and it is towards the Dhaka Central Jail that we must look for the answers that only the Prince of Bogra can provide. Between March 6, 1999 and January 27, 2005, militant Islamists killed at least 156 people in Bangladesh.1 Friends of Bangladesh both at home and abroad must wake up and resist this murderous regime. Neither democracy nor the rule of law is safe in the hands of this clique. Bangladesh has been a secular Muslim state since its independence from Pakistan and founding by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1971.It’s a country of secular democracy . Fundamentalists, whether Jamaat-i-Islami in Bangladesh, Siva Sena or Viswa Hindu Parishad in India, or Islami Salvation Army in Algeria or Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt or their Jewish or Christian varieties in Europe or Asia, are threats to peace, progress and stability. Terrorism is their creed. They do not love religion but make use of it to achieve their fascist goals. It is heartening to see that many governments around the world are becoming increasingly aware of the grave dangers of allowing religion to be used for political purpose. We must say No to Tareque Rahman in Bangladesh Politics when it has been clear that he is the greatest patron of Islami Militants in Bangladesh. ----------------------------------------------------------------- Refrefences : *** CRS report for Congress : Islamist Extremism in Bangladesh - Bruce vaughn , Specialist insoutheast & south asian affair ** Stemming the Rise of Islamic Extremism in Bangladesh - Sajeeb A. Wazed ** The Genesis of Islamic Extremism in Bangladesh by Sarwar Alam ,Department of Middle Eastern and South Asian Studies Emory University Atlanta, Georgia. **BANGLADESH’S ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISTS AND AL QAEDA PRESENCE:A Survey by Dr. Subhash Kapila **Bangladesh Extremist Islamist Consolidation Bertil Lintner **BANGLADESH: The Rise Of Religious Zealotry -by Sumit Ganguly **How extremism came to Bangladesh Foreign funding and bitter politics may have played a role in the recent bombings-By David Montero, Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor / September 7, 2005 **Jamat-e Islami & Islamic Militancy in Bangladesh Shahriar Kabir ** ISLAMIC EXTREMISM AND BANGLADESH Kazi Anwarul Masud Former Secretary and Ambassador, Bangladesh ** Islamic Extremism and Terrorism in Bangladesh Bluma Zuckerbrot-Finkelstein ***khaleda son ran arms into india - susenjit guha,kolkata *** Reign Of Terror In Bangladesh BNP-Jamaat Government Orchestrates Spiraling Political Killings. - Manjurul Imam *** Religious Extremism and Nationalism in Bangladesh -Bertil Lintner

Ahh That Also explains WHY the Guardian is Biased these days, and Propagates Right Wing Wahhabi Jamaat/MB Political Narratives, Since The MEE = Middle East Eye, editor is David Hearst, the former chief foreign leader writer for the British daily The Guardian, Obviously he still has ex connections to the Guardian too, Not only that, Dilly Hussain "a Jamaat e Islami" is also a Columist in the MEE who is also the Deputy Editor of the 5 Jamaat Pilloks (5 Pillars) a Jamaat Political Wahhabi Online News Portal which Tells their Readers (mainly Brainwashed Wahhabi Muslim Readers) to Vote for their Political Vessels like George Galloway rather then Sadiq Khan for Mayor, and Vote for George Galloway for MP rather then Naz Sha for Bradford, or Rushnara Ali for Tower Hamlets, Which also directs their readers to vote for Staying in the EU rather then Leave or vice versa, Basically they usually direct their readers to vote for Who will Politically give them "The Wahhabi Jamaats" a Leg Up in British Politics to infiltrate their OWN Wahhabi Political Agenda into the UK, by Using Left Wing Political Bodies, under the Banner of Muslim Nationalism. "Wahhabi in itself is a Far Right Wing Political Narrative, They use Left Wing and Far Left Wing Political Bodies, like the Socialist, Trade Unionists and Communist Political Parties, to infiltrate their Own Brand of Far Right Wing Politics into Political Bodies that they support in order to change the Political Narratives of the land they live into a Far Right Wing Wahhabi Political Narrative = A State within a State , hence the Bullshit Far Right Wing Conservative Political Narrative Biased using Left Wing Political Bodies in the UK, where the Left Wing Protects Minorities, Minorities in the UK obviously are Muslim in their books, hence usually uses the Minority, Victimisation and Ethnic Cards , Hence these Far Right Wing Political Wahhabi Jamaats/MB uses the Muslim Nationalism to Brainwash Minorities of the UK, Where as in Majority Muslim Nations again they usually use the Muslim Nationalism Cards and their Variety of Charities to change the Political Identity of Muslims into Wahhabi Jamaat Muslims also again using the Muslim Nationalist Card , As a result All the Biased Jamaat Leaning Political Narratives against Bangladesh and the Government are written in their News Portals such as Now a Days "The Guardian" to create destabilisation of the nation and its national interests. For example, The Jamaat Mouth Pieces will Rant off a Political Negative Biased against Bangladesh, and the Guardian without Even verifying the information that they have received from Jamaat Wahhabi Political Journalist Mouth Pieces given to the Guardian, From the Likes of Jamaat e Islami Journalists like Dilly Husain's/ Ajmals Masroor's in the UK etc, without EVEN Verifying the information from a 2nd,3rd or 4th Source from Bangladesh, or a Bangladeshi Newspapers, Hence Guardian is Only Getting Political Biased Jamaat News, to create destabisation/ a political void so that they themselves can fill this political void for their Own Wahhabi Jamaat Failed State Paki Politics in Bangladesh , Hence the Biased Jamaat Political Information in their Newspaper these days ! Not only that, Man ! These Wahhabis Jamaats are Everywhere in the UK. I was wondering WHY THE HELL DOSE the Left Wing Guardian Always seems to write Jamaat Political Biased Narratives, WITHOUT EVEN INVESTIGATING THE INFORMATION they have Received from These Jamaat Wahaabi Agents in the UK ! IT ALL MAKES SENSE NOW ! The Middle East Eye also seems to be another Political Mouth Piece for a Wahhabi Jamaat Political Agenda. Told You ! The UK is the Main "European" Base for Wahhabi Jamaat Politics, Their "Asian" Main Base is in Pakistan, and if the Wahhabi Pak Jamaat's Relatives BNP was in Power today in Bangladesh, Bangladesh would be Asia's the 2nd Main Base for their Politics, After Pakistan. ***The Middle East Eye (MEE) is an online news portal covering events in the Middle East and which has been cited by major media publications. The MEE website describes the organization as an independently funded online news organization founded in February 2014 which aims to be the primary portal of Middle East news.[1] The MEE editor is David Hearst, the former chief foreign leader writer for the British daily The Guardian.[2] MEE is wholly owned by M.E.E. Ltd, a UK company that employs about 20 full-time staff in its London offices and also has a network of freelance journalists. The sole director of M.E.E. Ltd is Jamal Bassasso who was a former director of planning and human resources at Al Jazeera.[3] David Hearst has said that his staff came from varied backgrounds saying that “some were activists but this doesn't effect their professional journalism”. Hearst confirmed that MEE is not linked to any government or movement. Middle East Eye has been used as a reference in several well known news websites such as BBC News,[4] The Huffington Post,[5] The Guardian[6] and The New York Times.[7] Columnists[edit]

Uterine brothers- Tareq Rahman Khoka and Arafat Rahman Koko are the disgraced and hated children of Ziaur Rahman, an anti state traitor proven by a High Court judgment in the Masdar Hossain case by declaring the 5th and 7th Amendment of the constitution null and void and self-imposed war heroine Khaleda Khanom (later Khaleda Zia). They are reproached in history due to the complaints against their misuse of power, corruption, murder, killings, money laundering etc. during the rule of Prime Minister-ship of their mother Khaleda from 2001-2006. Under the umbrella of indulgence by Khaleda they gradually got encouraged to involve into doing those evil deeds. They created an alternative government through Hawa Bhaban and ran a parallel hierarchy administration in Bangladesh. Hawa Bhaban was used by the son of the then Prime Minister, Tareq Rahman as a Tareq-Kokotorture cell and a centre point of making plots to kill opposition leaders-workers and also a business home of extortion, recruitment, transfer and promotion in government jobs, tender business in all development works, commission business, money laundering, trading of beautiful women with attractive youth. These activities even defeat the oppression by Changis Khan and Halaku Khan. Moreover, all fundamentalism and militancy of the country were reared through this Bhaban. Khaleda Zia, the then Prime Minister BNP Chairperson was successful in substantiating herself to the country as an anti liberation person by appointing anti liberation Jamaat leaders Matiur Rahman Nizami and Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid as the members of her cabinet. Meantime Koko has been awarded 6 years imprisonment with monetary fine in the case against him for being found guilty of money laundering of 20 crores of Taka to Singapore. Koko is now absconding the arrest. It has been learnt that a red alert against him through the Interpol has been served. It is a matter of hope that the case filing authority, Anti Corruption Commission (ACC) has been able to take return of the laundered money remained frozen in a bank in Singapore. There are multifarious cases against Tareq, Koko and their mother including corruption, money laundering and embezzlement of money, abuse of power and many murders and killings. In the Zia Charitable Trust case and Zia Orphanage case trial is being held. Tareq Zia has been accused of killing many persons in the terrific and hellish grenade attack on the Awami League convened meeting at Bangabandhu Avenue in front of its office on 21 August, 2004. The grenade attack trial is in progress. In the grenade murder case Tareq Rahman has been charged as the key plotter accused. In the said grenade attack the wife of ex-President Zillur Rahman along with 23 others were killed and about four hundred leaders-workers had to embrace physical disabilities of various degrees. During the Emergency Rule of 01/11/2007 the government of Moinuddin-Fakruddin, a large number of cases were instituted. At a stage on the plea of illness two brothers got release on condition for improved treatment abroad and thus took refuge in foreign lands. Tareq and Koko are escaping arrest and absconding for the last 7 years. Due to the filing of multi faceted suits against them they do not have such a moral and mental courage that they can face the trial coming over to Bangladesh. These two brothers are fugitive accused now. They are staying in foreign lands with family and lead a luxurious life there. They are spending huge amount of dollars every month. But saying goes that both of them are the inheritors of torn ganjee and broken suitcase. There are allegations that Tareq Rahman leads militancy and fundamentalism in Bangladesh residing in foreign land. He is leading few thousand armed militants in home and abroad to overthrow the government illegally. In a cross country money laundering case filed by Anti Corruption Commission the court awarded Arafat Rahman Koko a jail of six years with rigorous imprisonment and a fine of 19 crores of taka. In the Zia Orphanage and Charitable Trust case the trial of Begum Zia and her son Tareq has started . By now the charge sheet against them has been submitted. The deposition of the witnesess was scheduled to be started from 21st April. But it could not be initiated due to a time prayer from the lawer of Khaleda Zia. The judge granted the prayer and shifted the deposition date to start from 21st May, 2014. 26 criminal cases have been instituted against Zia Family in different courts throughout the country . Out of these cases 17 are against Tareq and 7 are against Koko. Citizenship of anti liberation figure of jamaat leader along with other anti liberation collaborators was stripped of by Bangabondhu in 1972. Whereas the government of Begum Zia issued Gollam Azam Bangladeshi Visa against Pakistani Passport and allowed him to reside in Bangladesh for an indefinite period. Ultimately Golam Azam got back his citizenship of Bangladesh from the government of Begum Zia. I want to say firmly that the key leadership of BNP is the patron of militancy in Bangladesh. By not moving along the democratic paths they are planning to overthrow the democratic government unlawfully through terrorism, lawlessness, fire burning and sabotage of different kinds. These kinds of actions result into damage and destruction of properties of government and non-government ownership and mass killing of citizens of the country. Basically they are not democratic force. They do not believe in democracy. They are carrying out heinous activities of religious fundamentalism and militancy to turn Bangladesh into a Taliban state like that of Afghanistan. The whole world has observed in wonder of their barbarous acts along with their associate organization of Jamaat-Shibir during the pre and post time of National Election date on 5th January, 2014. Recommendation has been finalized to ban Jamaat for good on the accusation of its role in 1971 in committing crimes against humanity including genocide. The Team Officer Motiur Rahman of Enquiry Committee for Crime Against Humanity after investigation of 7 months handed over documentary evidences of 9557 pages along with a report of 337 pages to Golam Arif Tipu, the Chief Prosecutor for the prosecution of International War Crimes Tribunal. The prosecution started investigation on 18th August last of the crimes committed by Jamaat-E-Islami. The inquiry report was submitted on 27th March, 2014. The Enquiry Team informs that charges have been brought against Jamaat-E-Islami as per seven clauses of International War Crimes Tribunal Act 1973. It includes inter alia, war crimes, genocide, crime against humanity, breaking of Geneva Convention, crimes under laws and crime for allegation and intrigue for committing such crimes. Side by side Jamaat, its student wing Islami Chatra Shangha, Shanti Committee (liaison), Rajakar, Al-Badr and Al-Shams (operation) and Jamaat’s representative newspaper ‘The Daily Sangram (propaganda) have been accused against. It has been stated in the report that the policies, policy makers, organizers, directors and leaders-workers at various levels of these organizations are responsible for committing all these crimes. That is why this investigation report is being submitted for their trial. The Enquiry authority has requested the prosecution to confiscate all the properties of Jamaat. Once the organization is banned their all wealth may be foreclosed. In the proposed forfeiture list of Jamaat’s properties there are 109 enterprises. After the establishment of Jamaat in 1941 under the leadership of Sayed Abul Ala Moududi, Jamaat-E-Islam Party was banned thrice. Out of these actions, Jamaat was proscribed in 1959 and 1964 in the then Pakistan and in independent Bangladesh it was outlawed along with other religion based political parties in 1972 after the setting up/enforcement of secular constitution in the state. Afterwards during the rule of late President Ziaur Rahman on May 25, 1979 Jamaat got the chance of doing politics in broad daylight in independent Bangladesh. At this stage Islami Chatra Shangha changed their name and came out in public with the name of Islami Chatra Shibir. The existence of Shanti Committee, Rajakar, Al-Badr and Al-Shams got obliterated with the independence of Bangladesh. Their representative Newspaper the Daily Sangram still survives. In independent Bangladesh there has been a historical similarity, identical unison and collusion of the origin of BNP and Jamaat. The anti liberation party Muslim League, Jamaat and the then Deputy Chief of the Army Staff Ziaur Rahman along with inland and foreign defeated forces were involved in the tragic incidents of 15th August, 1975 wherein father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman with his family members were cruelly killed and on the 3rd August four national leaders in the Dhaka Central Jail were brutally murdered. In our liberation war the role of Ziaur Rahman also was controversial. On an analysis of the conditions in pre 75 and post 75 periods, it can be seen that Zia was virtually an anti-state element. Afterwards, Zia at first became Chief Martial Law Administrator and then selected himself as the President through coup de tat and killings with the collaboration and instigation of Muslim League and Jamaat. Established on 1st September 1978 Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) is the illegal child of Muslim League-Jamaat. Basically, BNP named political party in practice is the new edition of Muslim League and Jamaat. Many a one was in different important positions of this party including anti liberation persons like Shah Azizur Rahman, Abdul Alim, Mowlana A.K.M. Yusuf, Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury. The then peking follower party NAP (Pek.) leaders who were against liberation war including Mashiur Rahman Jadu Mia, Mannan Bhuyian and Muslim League leader Nanna Mia’s son Kamal Ibn Yusuf- all of these two faced ones turned into the steer-men of BNP of Zia. Historically Zia is a murderer. Against Zia there occurred 18 coups in the Army. In the name of suppressing coup he killed thousands of innocent army officers and jawans in cold blood. In his subordinate parliament Zia under the leadership of Shah Azizur Rahman enacted indemnity ordinance as bill. The key substantiated issue of the bill is- no trial can be held for the murders of 15th August and 3rd November, 1975. The 5th and 7th Amendment Bill was assented by President Ziaur Rahman. Fundamentally infamous killer Ziaur Rahman initiated and rooted fundamentalism and militancy in the body-politic of Bangladesh. I believe that if the researchers in home and abroad conduct an impartial research on the stained active life of Zia, it would reveal the truth that Zia would approach to be a successful friend of Hitler in his annihilation of human beings in the world. I request fervently to the inland and international research organizations/institutions and to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and her pro-liberation government to think over the matter deeply. Very recently, Zia’s son Tareq Rahman is going on with the staging of the drama with incredible video message off and on to attract the attention of the countryman from London where he is absconding. Before 5th January, 2014 National Election he made a clarion call through video message to the people of Bangladesh for restraining and deterring the said election. As a result few hundred people were killed by petrol bombs, damage and destruction of BNP, Jamaat and Shibir. Those terrorists burned more than 150 Election Centre’s. The country suffered an economic loss of Taka one lac crore. With the destructive call of Tareq his leader mother Khaleda Zia subscribed unity and she declared a long march to Dhaka on 29th December, 2013. Through this gathering she contemplated to dislodge a legal government through illegal means. Facing hundreds of impediments and hurdles Sheikh Hasina’s government conducted the 10th Parliament Election of 5th January successfully although voter turn-out was less than expected. Awami League along with Great Alliance Parties bagged more than two-third majority seats in the parliament and started its journey of new government on 12th January, 2014. The 10th parliament started on 29th January, 2014. Totally a fugitive accused person, a senior vice- president of BNP Tareq Rahman invented a new theory which was flashed in a press conference in London wherein he remarked that his father Ziaur Rahman was the first President of Bangladesh and the proclaimer of independence. His childish perverted remark was published in the daily Inquilab on 27, 2014. The quotation was, “Zia is the first President of Bangladesh- Tareq Rahman.” On the 25th March, 2014 Tareq told this in a meeting convened by the U.K. BNP at the Regency Auditorium in East London. BNP Senior Vice Chairman Tareq Rahman said, behind the pushing Sheikh Mujibur Rahman into controversial state, no other party rather Awami League itself is responsible. His party leaders and party have lowered him. He said Sheikh Mujibur Rahman throughout his whole life fought for democracy and people of Bangladesh. We regard and honor him for this reason. That does not mean that they would speak lies about our leader and dishonor him and provide the nation untruth about history. Whether Sheikh Mujib declared independence or not, has not been questioned by BNP. This question has been raised by Awami League. Lowering him to the level of controversy was done unilaterally by Awami League itself and none else. Claiming Ziaur Rahman as the first President of Bangladesh Tareq Rahman said that the people of Bangladesh are now at a time for knowing right history. In the meeting Tareq Rahman said, now-a-days we hear to have said by somebody that Sheikh Mujib supposedly gave declaration of independence on 7th March. This is not a matter for controversy; it is an issue for proof and a historical subject. There is no strong evidence that he declared independence rather there are sufficient reasonable proofs that he did not give declaration of independence. In this context, he mentioned about his own opinion and of Manik Mia, Editor, the daily Ittefaq. On 27th March last the mother of Tareq Rahman Khaleda Zia delivered an identical brief speech in a same tone and words. This is proved from his wordings published in the daily newspaper of 28th March. In the 28th March issue of daily Inquilab Khaleda Zia is quoted to have said, Ziaur Rahman is the first President of Bangladesh. Khaleda Zia said, the founder of BNP Shahid (Martyred) President Ziaur Rahman solely is the first President and proclaimer of independence. In 1971 when nobody was telling anything, Ziaur Rahman only proclaimed independence. The war of liberation took place as because Ziaur Rahman declared independence. That is why he is the first President of Bangladesh. Sheikh Mujib, Illegal Prime Minister in 1972 Yet another invention by Tareq: Another creative conjecture has been demonstrated by BNP Senior Vice Chairman Tareq Rahman. He claimed that Sheikh Mujib became illegal Prime Minister. Before only two weeks back Tareq made a dramatic remark that his father Ziaur Rahman was the first President of Bangladesh. In a meeting organized by U.K. chapter of BNP at Westminister Hall in London recently, he quoted the declaration of independence and said that Sheikh Mujib was to be the President and not Prime Minister of Bangladesh until a new constitution was adopted. So he disregarded the declaration of independence issued on 10th April, 1971. He questioned how Sheikh Mujib took oath as Prime Minister before the forming of a constitution? He said Sheikh Mujib’s daughter Sheikh Hasina like that of her father also is holding the chair of Prime Minister of Bangladesh as her father became so illegally and forcibly. Late last month Tareq claimed that his father was the first President of Bangladesh. Two days later on 27th March his mother Khaleda supported the stand of her son which drew widespread criticism from all quarters including intelligentsia, historians and various media. Referring to an interview of Dr. Kamal Hossain, the Gono forum Chief published in a weekly on October 28, 2010 Tareq said that Dr. Kamal and Sheikh Mujib returned to Dhaka with Pakistani passports instead of using UN travel documents. So as a Pakistani citizen he came to Dhaka and assumed the power of Prime Minister of independent Bangladesh. In his speech Tareq cited and quoted different books and opinions of Awami League leaders including A.M.A. Muhit, present Finance Minister, K.M. Shafiullah exC-in-C and an Indian army officer that his father was the first proclaimer of independence. Tareq also criticized Awami League for the rehabilitation of Razakars including a Minister like Nurul Islam. Tareq Zia said in the meeting, “Sheikh Mujib never declared independence of Bangladesh. I repeat Sheikh Mujib never thought declaring the independence of Bangladesh.” Tareq claimed that Sheikh Mujib wanted autonomy and not independence of Bangladesh. He showed a video clip of an interview of Bangabandhu with a foreign News Agency to conform his claim. Meantime, the Law Minister Advocate Anisul Haq of Bangladesh Government suggested that the brain of BNP Senior Vice Chairman, Tareq Rahman should be examined. He was replying to questions of the newsmen after a meeting in the Secretariat with Task Force for returning the absconding accused from foreign lands. He said that after 42 years of independence such a remark by Tareq Rahman makes me advise nothing more than that on the remark by Tareq of saying Bangabandhu as illegal Prime Minister. Health Minister, Mohammad Nasim has termed Tareq Zia as a foolish person. He said that against these elements there is nothing to remark about them. We fervently appeal to the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina to take drastic actions against the anti-state elements by taking back persons like Tareq Rahman. This time Tareq should not go unpunished. A fugitive in foreign country, there are several criminal cases against him including 21st August grenade attack. The present government should have serious diplomatic endeavor to bring back Tareq and put him under trial as an accused anti-state criminal. If necessary, the government should take help of Interpol for return of this fugitive to Bangladesh and make his face trial of the cases against him. Claims and remarks of Tareq Rahman and that of Khaleda Zia are the expression of childish utterances which are unlawful and outside etiquette. This kind of sayings is fully anti-state. Deliverance of the speech on the 7th of March 1971 by Bangabandhu is our proclamation of independence and of liberation war. The declaration that was given on 26th March by Bangabandhu was the supplementary proclamation of independence. Incidentally if Bangabandhu could not be able to have given this declaration, even then it is to be presumed that the speech of 7th March by Bangabandhu would have to be treated as the declaration of the war of liberation and final proclamation of independence. The fundamental, democratic and political right of declaring independence and war of liberation were with the father of the nation Bangabandhu only and none else. He and his party Bangladesh Awami League bagged 167 parliament seats out of 169 seats in the then East Pakistan. East Pakistan shared 169 seats in parliament out of 300 seats in the parliament as per population ratio. Due to the dilly dally tactics of intrigues by Martial Law ruler of Pakistan Yahia Khan and Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) leader Julfiqar Ali Bhutto, the great hero of history, the eyeball of the Bangalees, Bangabandhu gave the final declaration of independence in his speech on the 7th March, 1971. I believe that the historians and observers of home and abroad would have said that in his speech on 7th March Bangabandhu gave declaration of independence and of the war of liberation wherein he outlined the directives to the seven and half crores of people of the country. The countryman would not listen to the absurd and silly speeches of half naked, uneducated person like Tareq Rahman and his mother Khaleda Zia who are patrons of militancy and are opposed to democracy, independence and war of liberation. It is because of the fact that the country, the nation, general people, intelligentsia, laboring and working people are more consolidated in terms of morality, mentality and character than those of two persons. Not to speak of Ziaur Rahman even his father also had not the right to declare the independence of Bangladesh. If anytime Bangladesh by chance disappears Sheikh Mujib would not vanish. It is because he is the father of the nation. Sheikh Mujib was the elected leader of a population of 7 and a half crore people. Outside his command none had the authority to make any directive or instruction on war of liberation and independence. Seven and a half crore people were the announcer of the declaration of independence. The present pro-independence and pro-liberation war government and as representative of freedom and liberation war and as the Prime Minister of this government, you Sheikh Hasina daughter of the father of the nation Bangabandhu have to get tough decision about Jamaat and its close associate militant BNP on the question of imposing ban in practicing politics in the country. The demand of time is the proscription of BNP simultaneously with Jamaat. In no way we can let the countryman go astray by them. If only Jamaat is outlawed, they would combinedly carry out militant activities with BNP. Their joint power would lead the country to the door of Taliban state. Democratic, fundamental and humane constitutional rights of all the people of Bangladesh have to be ensured. All progressive forces and religion based Medina Sanad (Medina Charter) ideal followers are to be made united. Your Excellency Prime Minister has repeatedly told that you would run the country as per clauses of Medina Charter. You are to keep in mind that about 90 percent of people in Bangladesh are Muslims. Their religious ideal is Islam and the holy Quran. You have also said that you never passed any anti Quranic law and will never do that in future. Like that of the father of the nation, you expressed that you would never bow down your head to anyone except Allah. As you have submitted your head down to Allah, please come forward with your pledge to materialize the application of Medina Charter and the last sermon (Bidaye Hajj) of Hazrat Mohammad (peace be upon him). Please do not bow down your head to anybody except Allah. May Allah bless you. Please oust anybody if there is anyone in your party who is anti Allah. We fervently hope that you would not bend your head and be not defeated to BNP and Jamaat. Finally my earnest request to those of you who would practise politics in Bangladesh that you shall put the name of the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman compulsorily following the name of Allah in your party constitution and his honor shall be fully preserved. Except that no political party would get the right to form a party legally and would not get constitutional right to carry-out political activities in Bangladesh. Even no person or organization would make any bitter reproaches on Bangabandhu. A new law should be enacted to this effect and should be passed in a Bill form in the parliament as quickly as possible. E

VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS BY THE JAMAAT/BNP COALITION GOVERNMENT OF BANGLADESH BETWEEN 2001/2005 The four-party alliance, which is infested with fundamentalist and communalist forces, came to power following the 8th general elections held on 1 October 2001. The range of human rights violations that the coalition government under the stewardship of Khaleda Zia and Motiur Rahman Nizami has committed in Bangladesh since its assumption of power is inconceivable in any sovereign, independent state. The coalition government has been quite successful in setting examples of torturing and killing members of minority religious and ethnic communities, leaders, activists and sympathizers of opposition political parties, intellectuals and professionals subscribing to secular democracy, employees of government/ semi-government offices, members of the Ahmadiya Muslim community and on-duty journalists, as well as allowing extra-judicial killings by members of newly created law enforcing agencies, obstructing and attacking peaceful meetings and processions of opposition political parties, disrupting social and cultural programmes, maltreating women, truncating the judiciary’s authority and subjecting it to the whims of the executive branch of the government, providing the killers and perpetrators with all forms of immunity, arresting mass people on lame excuses, persecuting opponents in prison cells and police custodies, and last but not the least, depriving the victims of the due process of law and justice. Such examples are only to be found in a 19th century colony. The United Nations has adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as well as eight other charters, which are binding on all the member states, with a view to safeguarding the freedom, rights and status of the peoples of all nations. Besides, the Constitution of Bangladesh incorporates 23 articles pertaining to the fundamental rights of its citizens. The manner in which human rights has been constantly flouted in Bangladesh since the four-party combine’s assumption of power constitutes a flagrant infringement of the human rights charters of the United Nations as well as the country’s Constitution. kijhyuii The Constitution of newly independent Bangladesh adopted in 1972 incorporated the substance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant documents of the United Nations. To do away with all forms of repression, strife, deprivation and discrimination in the name of religions, the ’72 Constitution set a distinctive example in the world by embracing secularism as one of the fundamental principles of the state and prohibiting floating of political parties based on religions. Unfortunately, after the brutal killing of the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, General Ziaur Rahman and General H. M. Ershad consecutively clinched power and stripped the Constitution of its secular and humanistic image through the fifth and eighth amendments respectively, thereby giving it a communal character. Bangladesh can no longer claim that it is officially committed to human rights, thanks to the Islamization of its Constitution. Two Although the unprecedented levels of persecution suffered by the minority religious and ethnic communities of Bangladesh in the wake of the coalition government’s advent to power have now subsided to a certain extent, non-Muslim peoples still fall prey to a multitude of discriminations, insecurities and panics. Bullying of minority Hindus and grabbing of their lands and properties still continue unabated in remote areas of the country. HinduofPakistan In October 2005 the Nirmul Committee published a white paper on 1,500 days of repression on minorities in Bangladesh, marking the completion of four years in office by the coalition government. The paper took cognizance of about 5,000 incidents of murders, plunders and repressions that had been reported in 16 national dailies as well as in different national and international human rights organizations’ reports and photographic observations, which are impossible for the government to deny. What is all the more appalling is that the victims of repression have been deprived of justice in 99 per cent cases and the communal perpetrators have gone scot-free. Since the coalition government’s advent to power, more than a thousand articles and features have appeared in the press regarding this menace, urging the government to bring the spell of communal persecutions to an end. However, the government has been least concerned about it. Exasperated at the repressive mindset of the coalition government, I wrote in August 2002 – ‘The kind of tyranny that the religious minorities of Bangladesh has had to go through in the wake of the general elections in 2001 is unprecedented. Ever since the beginning of election campaigns, voters from Hindu-inhabited areas were bullied, their homes and hearths and businesses plundered, a large number of their dwellings set ablaze, the well-off among the minorities held to ransom, and in some cases, they were killed and their womenfolk raped. All this was done with the aim of letting loose a reign of terror among them so that they would either desert their respective localities or would not go to the polling centres to exercise franchise. 562900_10150997227545382_941266883_n ‘On behalf of the Nirmul Committee, we visited different Hindu-inhabited areas prior to the elections and recorded testimonies provided by the panicky, bullied minorities. Both Jamat-e-Islami and BNP resorted to extreme forms of communal antagonism during their election campaigns. While visiting the constituency of notorious war criminal and Jamat leader Delwar Hussain Sayeedee, MP, in Pirojpur, we heard party leaders and activists chanting shameful catchphrases e.g. this year’s election is a battle between the Muslims and the Hindus in presence of none other than incumbent Prime Minister Khaleda Zia. It is to be noted that the main rival of Sayeedee in the election was Advocate Sudhangshu Shekhar Halder from Awami League. Even a responsible leader of BNP like former President Dr. Badruddoza Chowdhury spread communal hatred. Such pre-election propagandas set the stage for the post-election communal mayhems that we had to witness. ‘The Nirmul Committee, Ain-o-Salish Kendro (ASK), Sammilito Samajik Andolon, Bangladesh Mahila Parishad, Bangladesh Hindu Buddhist Christian Unity Council and many other national and international human rights organizations collected statistics of the incidents of communal repression that occurred in Bangladesh in the wake of the 8th general elections. Almost all the newspapers of the country including the pro-government ones splashed the news of communal atrocities that affected every nook and corner of the country. However, the actual statistics of these incidents of repression are impossible to come by because of a number of factors. First, as the perpetrators belonged to the ruling BNP-Jamat alliance, the victims were reluctant to lodge complaints with the police lest they were subjected to more brutal levels of tyranny. It was this fear that kept the victims from disclosing their ordeals even to journalists and human rights activists. Second, it is nearly impossible to learn about the incidents of repression that occurred in far-flung, inaccessible regions. Third, in case of rape and abuse, the victims rarely lodge complaints with the police because of a fear of reprisals as well as the social stigma associated with it. In many Asian countries including Bangladesh, victims of rape are usually looked down on with scorn. And in many cases, they are even more despised than the perpetrators. Fourth, since the government categorically denied any apprehension of communal repressions from the very beginning, the police carefully refused to entertain any complaint from the victims in many cases. Fifth, thousands of Hindu families, who fell victim to election-oriented communal tyranny, had to take refuge in India in order to save their lives, having lost their honour, relatives, properties and homes and hearths. And there was no way one could collect their statistics. 264852_10150233770285382_6147671_n ‘If the newspaper reports and those of different human rights organizations are anything to go by, it can be safely construed that such massive-scale communal mayhems had never occurred in Bangladesh except during the nine-month war of liberation in 1971. However, in ’71 it was external (Pakistani) occupation forces that were responsible for such persecutions. The latter spell of communal repressions is even more outrageous than that of ’71 in that it was let loose not by external forces but by Bengalis, who are the victims’ neighbours or fellow villagers. Those who had deserted the country in ’71 in order to save their lives came back afterwards. I had an opportunity to talk to the victims of the latest spell of communal repressions. They deserted the country and they told me that they would never return to Bangladesh. ‘The latest spell of communal repressions, which made its first appearance right after the caretaker government took over, received further impetus after the general elections were over. In the first three months of the (incumbent) coalition government’s tenure, there was never a day when incidents of communal repression did not occur somewhere or other in the country. This time incidents of plunder, arson, toll collection and rape outnumbered those of killings. The victims of rape range from six-year-old toddlers to elderly women of 60 years and those of killings range from newborns to 75-year-old geriatric persons. Many of the victims of killings were Hindu priests, Buddhist monks and religious scholars, for whom it was practically impossible to harm anyone. 1011091_189775281184841_792992501_n ‘News of communal repressions kept appearing in the press as a matter of routine. After visiting the affected areas, different political parties and human rights organizations prepared detail reports portraying the picture of repressions and sought redress from the government. Regrettably, the government turned a blind eye to all of it. Frustrated by government indifferences, Ain-o-Salish Kendro, a local human rights organization – lodged a case with the High Court, which issued a rule nisi upon the government in this respect. It has been nine months now and yet the government has not responded to it. On the contrary, the prime minister and the home minister have categorically denied the incidents of repression and denounced the reports published in all major newspapers as fabricated, exaggerated and cooked up by a particular party. While visiting Dhaka, the secretary general of the Amnesty International called on the Prime Minister as well as the home minister and expressed grave concerns about the spell of communal repressions. However, the top echelon of the government has always been least concerned about it. muhuri_big ‘As the government repeatedly denied the incidents of communal repression, the police did not take any effective measure against the communal thugs. Government lethargy on this issue only served to encourage the perpetrators to launch communal assaults of an even greater magnitude. There were a good number of victims who reported their plights to the press and human rights activists. However, the ruling party musclemen as well as the partisan police intimidated them and made them testify in writing to the effect that they were not harassed and that newspapers only published baseless stories. Above and beyond, the aggrieved and disinclined Hindu community was compelled in many places to observe Durga Pooja – the biggest religious festival of the Bengali Hindus – with feigned festivity last October so that it would appear that they lived in Bangladesh in great peace. ‘Reviewing the well-planned incidents of communal repression of this time, sociologists and political observers have construed them as a form of ‘ethnic cleansing’. Even two and a half months before the elections, fanatics belonging to ruling BNP and Jamat-e-Islami in remote areas openly declared : ‘Hindus can no longer live in Bangladesh’. The ruling alliance and their sympathizers have taken it for granted that whosoever is not a Muslim by faith is a supporter of the Awami League (AL) – the main Opposition – and the easiest way to weaken the AL is to persecute the minority non-Muslim communities. In the reckoning of these fundamentalists, if the non-Muslim communities get frustrated by such persecutions and desert the country, it will 1) make a dent on AL’s vote bank, and 2) enable them to transform Bangladesh into a monolithic Muslim state like Afghanistan or Pakistan. 522642_469367299795852_1388095446_n ‘We have extensively visited affected areas and discovered that the religious minorities, regardless of their political affiliations, have fallen prey to communal mayhems. Jamat-e-Islami ruffians in Chittagong killed elderly educationist Professor Gopal Krishna Muhuri, who used to be a member of the Workers’ Party, and not the AL. In Chittagong, people like Buddhist Monk Gyanjoti Mahathero, Monk Dulal Barua and Hindu priest Madanmohan Goswamy, who had nothing to do with politics, were mercilessly slaughtered. In Sirajganj, gang rape victim Purnima’s mother Basonarani told us that they had not been spared even after affirming that they had voted for BNP. Thus, it will be imprudent to think that only the pro-AL minorities fell victim to communal repressions. True, there are some political reasons for which leaders and activists of the AL and other opposition parties have been tortured for the last ten months. However, the repressions on Hindu, Buddhist and Christian communities are accounted for by a communalistic end – an ambition to transform the pluralistic society of Bangladesh into a monolithic one.’* 224340_492852310742826_1657192938_n Three The persecution of the minority Ahmadiya Muslim community by the coalition government in general, and the two fundamentalist components of the alliance viz. Jamat-e-Islami (JI) and Islamic Oykko Jote (IJO) in particular, has become a regular phenomenon. Different national and international human rights organizations, the United States and many European countries have strongly condemned it more often than not, and yet the situation has hardly improved. Since the creation of the state of Pakistan, the Ahmadiya Muslim community has earned the wrath of the JI and become one of its targets. In 1953 JI ruffians killed a minimum of 20,000 Ahmadiyas including women and children in Lahore of Pakistan. Before the party came to power in Bangladesh, a number of its allies launched deadly assaults on Ahmadiyas in many parts of the country, razed their mosques to the ground and even set fire to the holy Koran and other scriptures that were under the custody of the victims. After coming to power in October 2001 by dint of its alliance with the BNP, the JI, IOJ and their ally Khatm-e-Nabuwat and many other fundamenta-list outfits repeatedly attacked the Ahmadiya Muslim community, bombed and grabbed their mosques leaving many devotees killed and wounded and instigated attacks on members of the Ahmadiya community by delivering extremely spiteful speeches and hate compaign. Nevertheless, none of the perpetrators, masterminds or killers were punished. Little wonder they were not even put in the dock. In a bid to appease its fundamentalist allies, the government banned all the publications of the Ahmadiya Muslim community, thereby preventing them from preaching their faith. Despite widespread condemnations at home and abroad, the coalition government is still pursuing the same old Ahmadiya-bashing policies. dhaka_21-august-20041ty In a naked emulation of Pakistan, the JI has submitted a bill in the parliament seeking enactment of blasphemy laws with a view to dealing severely with the Ahmadiya Muslim community, the Christian community and the free thinkers subscribing to Liberal ideologies. We have reasons to apprehend that JI leader Nizami and his associates would be able to get blasphemy laws enacted in the parliament at the opportune time. And once they are successful in their evil bid, repression of diverse forms of liberal thinking and practices will obtain a legal mandate, as in Pakistan. Regarding repressions on the Ahmadiyas, I penned a write-up last year (2005) saying – ‘Communal attacks on the Ahmadiya Muslim community have increased to an unthinkable extent since the four-party alliance sailed to power in October 2001. The recent incidents of repression in Satkhira stand testimony to this fact. Communal culprits rummaged through houses belonging to the Ahmadiyas in the Shyamnagar area under the district of Satkhira from 17 to 20 April (2005) and their main target comprised womenfolk and the local Ahmadiya mosques. 946778_571790102841671_2020850144_n ‘The incidents of repression on the Ahmadiya Muslim community and desecration of their mosques in Satkhira are not two isolated events. Warned beforehand, religious fanatics desecrated the Sundarbans (Ahmadiya) Mosque in Satkhira and hung their signboard on the site of the mosque in the same way as musclemen belonging to JI’s ally Khatm-e-Nabuwat Movement, making prior announcements, had razed Ahmadiya mosques in Bogra, Chittagong, Patuakhali and Khulna and posted their signboards on the ruins of the mosques under the patronage of the police. As in other places, the police abetted the perpetrators in Satkhira. This constitutes a flagrant violation of the Constitution of Bangladesh and the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights as well. ‘Although repressions on the Ahmadiya community have occurred in many places, the Satkhira incidents stand out in that the perpetrators, while hanging indecent signboards on the site of the mosque, raided houses of the members of the Ahmadiya community, physically tortured them and looted their possessions. Two seriously wounded Ahmadiya women were taken to and hospitalized in Dhaka. Leaders of the 14-party combine as well as the civil society visited them in the hospital on 19 April. While languishing in pain, the two victims – Ferdousy Begum and Rahima Akhtar – narrated their ordeals in a sobbing voice. On the same day, Ameer of the Ahmadiya community in Bangladesh, Professor Meer Mubashwer Ali, called a press conference in Dhaka and portrayed, by showing video footages, the terrorist attacks that the Khatm-e-Nabuwat launched on them in Satkhira leaving at least 50 Ahmadiyas wounded. Human rights activists and leaders of the civil society, among others, attended the press conference. 268689_10150232929140382_1384332_n ‘The civil society’s concerns about violations of human rights in Bangladesh are nothing new. It was the Media, human rights organizations and intellectuals who, before all else, protested the unprecedented levels of minority repression that helped the fundamentalist coalition government’s advent to power. Leaders of the civil society and media representatives dashed to the affected areas, collected statistics of repressions, comforted the victims and asked the local administrations and lawyers respectively to take urgent steps to stop the tyranny and provide the victims with legal assistance. However, the local administrations rarely took legal steps against the perpetrators, who not only supported the coalition government but also comprised a terrorist clique loyal to it. The local administrations are quite aware of the way the members of parliament (MPs) and other leaders belonging to two extremist components of the coalition government constantly lambaste this hapless religious community. It is pertinent to mention here that three of the five MPs from the district of Satkhira, where Khatm-e-Nabuwat militants created a reign of terror belong to Jamat-e-Islami. ‘The international community is loud in its praise of the civil society of Bangladesh as far as its active roles in protecting human rights are concerned. Unfortunately, the Taliban-leaning coalition government and its two fundamentalist allies have always invented ‘conspiracies’ in such civil society initiatives. To express our sympathies for the victims, we attended a press conference called by the leaders of the Ahmadiya community at Bakshibazar, Dhaka on 19 April (2005). Our only contention was – the common people of Bangladesh are quite unlike, and have nothing to do with, the spiteful Jamat-e-Islami or Khatm-e-Nabuwat ruffians. 270109_10150231293510382_2515579_n ‘The number of militant fundamentalists is barely a million. However, the vast majority of the country (the remaining 139 million) have never approved of any sort of extremism, militancy or assault on innocent people in the name of Islam. Nor will they ever do so in future. The more pains the Jamat-e-Islami fundamentalists and their associates inflict on the people by misusing power, the more they (fundamentalists) are abhorred. ‘In a video footage I saw a Khatm-e-Nabuwat leader from Bogra lambasting elderly human rights campaigner Justice K M Sobhan in an utterly vulgar language. At Nakhalpara, Dhaka, Khatm leaders made extremely offensive and provocative remarks about Ahmadiya sympathizers including Professor Kabir Chowdhury, Dr. Kamal Hossain, Justice K M Sobhan and me. These remarks incited their militant members, who assaulted Professor Humayun Azad with swords and daggers in a medieval fashion. They will, in all likelihood, launch more such attacks in future. However, readers of newspapers and the teeming millions of the country cannot accept such indecent and violent conducts. ‘Our presence in the 19th April press conference called by Ahmadiya leaders was not to the liking of notorious war criminal Mowlana Mannan’s newspaper, The Daily Inqilab, invented an anti-Islam and anti-Bangladesh conspiracy in our sympathies for the Ahmadiya victims. The daily published an editorial saying – ‘We are concerned at the Shyamnagar incidents albeit they occurred discretely in only a handful of villages, for the situation has been deliberately made confrontational overnight at a time when premeditated anti-Bangladesh propagandas at home and abroad have attained extreme proportions. The smear campaign is geared at painting Bangladesh as a terrorist country and a safe haven for the so-called Muslim militants and at inciting anti-Muslim international groups to do Bangladesh real harm. Despite repeated denials by the coalition government as well as all patriotic quarters, anti-Bangladesh cliques’ propagandas have not subsided. Rather, their diverse activities are on the rise. As part of a deep-rooted conspiracy, different countries and organizations have publicly favoured these cliques. In the absence of any evidence regarding such allegations, these vested cliques are busy making the situation seem to aggravate further. On many occasions, such acts of sabotage have become apparent, corroborating that anti-Bangladesh and anti-Muslim quarters have used the Quadianis (i.e. Ahmadiya Muslim community) to meet their evil and destructive ends for quite a long period. To be honest, the Shyamnagar incidents smack of sabotage. This is because a particular quarter has deliberately made Shyamnagar appear belligerent at a time when peace and harmony is prevailing all over the country and the government as well as patriotic quarters are busy trying to nullify the anti-Bangladesh propagandas. Not only this. The leaders of the infamous cliques rushed to the headquarters of the Quadianis in no time at all and raised a hue and cry about repressions on them (Quadianis). Concerning this issue, newspapers loyal to them made a mountain out of a molehill without any reservation whatsoever. All this gives us reasons to smell an anti-Bangladesh and anti-Muslim scheme behind the Shyamnagar incidents.’ (The Daily Inqilab, 21 April 2005) ‘If the Inqilab’s views are to be taken for granted, we have to acknowledge that the Ahmadiyas comprise a non-Muslim community. We have issued such an edict! It is we who have let Khatm-e-Nabuwat fanatics loose on the Ahmadiyas to harm the image of the government as well as that of the country!! It was at our instigation that Jamat-e-Islami extremists massacred 20,000 Ahmadiyas in Pakistan in 1953!!! The Inqilab people’s falsehood and nastiness, like those of Jamat-e-Islami, know no bounds. ‘US Ambassador Harry K Thomas went to visit the Ahmadiya Complex situated at Bakshibazar, Dhaka on 22 April in order to express sympathy for the victims. He said he would raise the issue of repression on the Ahmadiya community by religious extremists and the government’s inertia about it in the meeting of the US State Department. (The Daily Bhorer Kagoj, 24 April 2005) 269047_10150231296245382_8386915_n ‘What is going to be the next course of action for the government, which is already losing much sleep over its tainted image and that of the country? The local police have, however, accepted complaints against 13 persons including two top Khatm leaders and banned any meetings or processions in Satkhira by the organization for a month. We wonder what will happen once this ban expires after a month. Does the coalition government have the power to arrest the chiefs of the Khatm-e-Nabuwat? The answer is an emphatic ‘NO’ because they have close connections with the Jamat-e-Islami, which is a component of the government. ‘It is impossible for the government to deny the incidents of repression on the Ahmadiya community even though it has always denied incidents of repression on other ethnic and religious minorities. This is because two components of the ruling alliance, namely Jamat-e-Islami and IOJ, have been demanding for long that the Ahmadiyas be declared non-Muslim. It is because of pressures from these two parties that the government had to ban all publications of the Ahmadiya community in January 2004. The High Court has issued a ruling invalidating this ban. However, if the pictorial stories regularly appearing in almost all major dailies of the country are anything to go by, the police are being used as a force loyal to the infamous Khatm-e-Nabuwat. 122 ‘Almost all major dailies published reports giving detailed accounts of the way Khatm zealots attacked the Ahmadiyas in Satkhira irrespective of age and sex leaving dozens of them seriously wounded, looted their possessions and ransacked their dwellings. All this happened in the presence of police and BDR (border force) personnel. The on-duty police did not prevent the assailants or arrest any of them during the attacks. What is all the more appalling is that the local police station did not entertain any complaints from the victims until 22 April (2005). Moreover, the district and police administrations made the leaders of the Ahmadiya community in Satkhira come to their headquarters, held them hostage for a few hours, intimidated them and compelled them to issue a statement saying that they had not been subjected to any kind of assault and that excellent peace and harmony were prevailing in the locality.’* Four Besides inciting cruel assaults on ethnic and religious minorities including the Ahmadiya Muslim community, the coalition government has taken a terribly repressive stand against major opposition parties in general and the Awami League in particular. The precedence of the tyranny the 57-year-old party (AL) has been going through for the last five years is only to be found in the Pakistani army occupied Bangladesh in 1971. Since the coalition government’s advent to power, party thugs and known killers have been let loose on leaders and activists of the AL across the country. More than a hundred thousand AL leaders, activists and supporters were detained, thousands of AL leaders and activists including former Finance Minister Shah A M S Kibria, MP, Ahsanullah Master, MP, and central leader Ivy Rahman have been killed and thousands of AL activists and supporters permanently disabled by bomb attacks and repressions. On remand, hundreds of thousands of leaders and activists including Dr. Mahiuddin Khan Alamgir, Bahauddin Nasim, Mostofa Rashidee Suja and Principal Matiur Rahman have been tortured inhumanly. During the tenure of the incumbent coalition government, at least 20,000 AL leaders and activists have been killed by the partisan law enforcing agencies and alliance thugs. A total of 22 persons including Ivy Rahman were killed in a deadly grenade attack on 21 August (2004). More than three hundred leaders and activists including Leader of the Opposition Sheikh Hasina were severely wounded. Ironically, following each and every attack on AL meetings that resulted in deaths, the coalition government invariably blamed it on the AL and India. As a result, successive investigations have proved farcical. The AL demanded international probes into the grenade attack of 21 August that left 22 persons dead and the grenade attack on Shah A M S Kibria’s meeting that left five persons including Kibria dead as well as into the incident of 500 bomb blasts across the country by militant fundamentalists on 17 August 2005. It is worth mentioning that Kibria was not just a politician from Bangladesh or an AL leader. He used to be a top United Nations official as well. His family also demanded a probe into his killing under the auspices of the United Nations. Different national and international human rights organizations suppor-ted their demand. However, the government has never heeded it, thereby proving that it is indeed responsible for these attacks and killings. 1014257_133170536890364_999763889_n Baton charging AL leaders and activists, lashing out at them and arresting them with the object of frustrating each and every strike and agitation programme have become routine affairs for the police. The most inhuman of all this is the utterly indecent manner in which the police deal with female activists participating in processions. The police have got used to tearing their clothes, beating them mercilessly and arresting them in their dozens. About these female activists, former Home Minister Altaf Chowdhury once remarked – we have to identify whether they are men or women by undressing them. On 30 April, notorious war criminal and prime minister’s parliamentary advisor Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, quipped – overweight female (AL) activists who look like cushions and flour sacks have taken to the streets. These women are engaged in destructive activities at Russell Square, Bangla Motor and Zero Point. They even dare launch severe attacks on the police. (The Daily Jugantor, 1 May 2006) Such a remark from a person of the stature of a top advisor to Prime Minister Khaleda Zia only goes to show the extent to which the coalition government’s attitudes towards and policies regarding women are compatible with the Constitution of Bangladesh and different charters of the United Nations. When a top leader of the ruling alliance can make such a vile remark about women, is it not a cry in the wilderness to expect their police force to demonstrate a semblance of decency? 269958_10150233750905382_7448204_n Ironically, the members of the police who have persecuted women from time to time are rewarded with undue promotions instead of punishments. The many-fold increase in violence against women including rapes and acid throwing in recent times is attributable to such attitudes of the government towards women. In most cases of violence against women, the perpetrators have been let off the hook or meted out only nominal punishments. In the event of repression on minority Hindu women, the perpetrators invariably manage to get away with it and it is the victims who are harassed instead. The violation of Purnima, an adolescent girl from the district of Sirajganj, is a case in point. Perverts belonging to the ruling alliance have raped hundreds of women the last five years. The victims range from eight-year-old children to 65-year-old women. These facts notwithstanding, hardly a dozen cases have been lodged with the police. As a matter of fact, BNP thugs gang-raped 14-year-old Purnima at Ullapara under the district of Sirajganj eight days after the general elections. When her family went to the local police station to lodge a complaint, the police refused to entertain it. Finding no alternative, they obtained a certificate from the civil surgeon and lodged a case with the magistrate’s court. Under Section 164, the magistrate recorded Purnima’s statement in which she mentioned names of 15 perpetrators. When the magistrate asked the police to arrest the culprits, only five of them were arrested. Afterwards, the local MP and other BNP leaders allured, and at the same time intimidated, the victim’s family to withdraw the case. Purnima’s family could effectively disregard all the lures and threats as local journalists, lawyers and the Nirmul Committee firmly stood by them. Subsequently, the local BNP MP filed a petition with the home ministry seeking reinvestigations into Purnima’s rape case. Pursuant to this petition, the local police reinvestigated the case and issued a fresh charge sheet accusing local journalists and lawyers as well as Nirmul Committee leaders, who had indeed come forward to provide a traumatized Purnima with necessary medical and legal assistance on sheer humanitarian grounds. The real perpetrators managed to be freed on bail. Purnima’s father outright rejected the fresh charge sheet and filed a petition three years ago seeking an immediate redress. Unfortunately, hearing on this petition has yet to start. Weakened by the physical assault of 2001, Purnima’s father died last year. Communal culprits mercilessly beat her brother so much so that he eventually lost his sight. Their family business – a barber’s shop – was razed to the ground in a series of attacks. Haplessly widowed, Purnima’s mother is now trying to find her elder daughter the job of a domestic help. Purnima is in the dark as to when hearing on her father’s petition will start or justice will prevail. 1044578_162632637253571_344770031_n ‘Fatwa’ (religious verdict) is another expression of torture on women. During the last ten years more than 300 women became victims of ‘Fatwa’ given by uneducated religious bigots in the rural areas. In most of the cases those hapless women had to commit suicide to avoid further humilation. On 1 January 2001 a High Court Bench of Bangladesh comprised with Justice Mohammad Golam Rabbani and Justice Najmun Ara Sultana declared Fatwa illegal. In a verdict they asked the government to pass a law at the parliament in order to stop such unconstitutional acts of barbarism. The next day Mufti Fazlul Haque Aminee, a fundamentalist law maker of the qualition govt. severely critized the High Court Judgement on Fatwa and declared two Judges as ‘Murtad’ (a person eligible to be killed). Different human rights bodies condemned Aminee’s atrocious comments on the judiciary, asked govt. to take action but all went in vain. Fatwa still remains in Bangladesh as Aminee and his associates remain in power. Notwithstanding the fact that thousands of reports and articles have appeared in the press concerning a diverse range of repressions on women committed under state patronage during the coalition government’s tenure, the situation is gradually deteriorating. dhaka_21-august-20041ty Five Journalists as a community are usually referred to as human rights defenders. According to observers, the kind of oppression the press and the journalist community of Bangladesh have been subjected to during the reign of the incumbent coalition government can only be compared with the brutalities unleashed by the Pakistani occupation forces in Bangladesh during the great war of liberation in 1971. As the earliest victim of state-sponsored repressions on journalists, I take the liberty to relate my ordeals. Prime Minister Khaleda Zia has never been kind to journalists as a community. After her advent to power for the first time in 1992, she made sure journalists’ unions were split to pieces. Without providing any kind of financial benefit, her regime laid off nonconformist journalists from government-owned newspapers. I was the earliest victim during the first tenure of Madam Zia. Thanks to my involvement in the movement for the trial of heinous war criminal Golam Azam in the People’s Court, I was put in the dock on charges of sedition. As the lawsuit did not quite go in favour of the government, I was instantly dismissed from the post of Executive Editor of Bichitra, a widely circulated news weekly. Subsequently, more than a dozen prominent journalists including editor of the ‘Dainik Bangla’, Toab Khan, were dismissed. No termination benefits were provided to them. 426967_10150565898130382_608447697_n After coming to power for the second time in October 2001 by forging alliance with the anti-liberation Jamat-e-Islami party, Madam Zia’s regime got me arrested and sent to prison before anybody else. I was charged with visiting India and video-recording interviews of the members of the Hindu community who were forced to desert their homes and hearths in Bangladesh and migrate to India on account of the state-sponsored repressions on them. I was further charged with telling the BBC in my interview about repressions on minority ethnic and religious communities. The coalition government turned my professional duties to sedition charges. The government has categorically denied the incidents of repression on minorities since it assumed power. Leaders of the coalition government including Prime Minister Khaleda Zia and her cabinet denounced reports of repressions on minorities that appeared in different newspapers as ‘fabricated’ and ‘exaggerated’. They even christened those reports ‘drama staged by the Opposition’. After I was arrested, their desperation to hide the incidents of repression boomeranged. While demanding my release, different international organizations of journalists as well as human rights organizations expressed deep concerns at the repression on minorities. Journalists from many western countries came to visit Bangladesh to explore the condition of the minorities. Having ignored all the threats from the coalition government, the newspapers of the country made their mark in upholding the truth. Reports of such internationally acclaimed human rights organizations as the ‘Amnesty International’ and the ‘Human Rights Watch’ as well as the country reports of United Nations Human Rights Commission and the State Department of the USA accounted for the repressions on minorities and the flagrant violations of human rights in Bangladesh. These reports only went to show that most of the national dailies of Bangladesh not only alerted the countrymen by unfolding the picture of state-sponsored repression on minorities but also played a significant part in forming public opinions at international levels. The purpose of newspapers publishing reports on such social disasters like communal repressions and human rights abuse is to alert the countrymen as well as the government so that it may take prompt measures to control and combat the disasters. However, the ruling alliance regards newspapers as its ‘enemies’ since they publish reports on a diverse range of state-sponsored attacks on minority Hindus that are aimed at ridding the country of the minorities. Unfortunately, there was nobody other than newspapers to stand by the victims of repressions this time around even though progressive political parties of the country had played significant roles in resisting such social disasters at other times. Were it not for the inertia of the non-communalist, progressive political parties, communal repressions would not continue unabated till date. When the rise of extremism and communal repressions in Bangladesh received extensive media coverage in the West, the coalition government strongly protested it and brought charges of preaching falsehood against the concerned media. Journalists Zaiba Malik and Bruno Sorentino – British and Italian nationals respectively – came to visit Bangladesh in November 2002 in order to make a documentary film for BBC Channel 4. The government got them arrested on charges of hiding their identities. Along with the duo, journalists Selim Samad, Priscilla Raj and I were also arrested. Afterwards, journalist Enamul Kabir Chowdhury of BSS and eminent columnist Muntasir Mamoon were arrested in connection with bomb blasts in Mymensingh. Upon our release on bail, we apprised the countrymen of the inhuman physical and mental tortures we had been subjected to while under detention. 562978_10150689129575382_1961045693_n By reporting incidents of government-sponsored repressions, killings, corruption and terrorism, the journalist community as a whole incurred the wrath of the coalition government. However, journalists from remote areas suffered much worse than their counterparts in Dhaka. Culprits belonging to the ruling alliance have so far killed more than a dozen journalists and physically tortured as many as 800, many of whom have served prison terms on false charges. Some others have been forced to leave the country. A total of 50 journalists and employees of the government-owned news agency BSS including its Editor-in-Chief, Harun Habib, were sacked just because they were not loyal to the ruling alliance. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) – an international organization for promoting journalists’ rights and security – and the International Federation of Journalists have singled out Bangladesh as the most perilous and hazardous country for journalists. In February 2003, a panel of top CPJ officials visited Bangladesh to investigate the reported incidents of communal repression, talked to the victims and prepared their reports. The CPJ team was subjected to unwanted harassments by the Intelligence wing of the coalition government. After my release in January 2002, I told a press conference: I have just graduated from a tiny prison cell to a bigger one. As in the case of a prisoner, I am closely kept watch on even after my release. Intelligence agents keep my house under strict surveillance, follow me like my shadow, tap my phone and censor my online correspondences in flagrant violation of the basic human rights as enshrined in the Constitution. Alliance terrorists have attempted to kill me more than once, not to speak of the threats and abuses in black and white and over telephone. After being repeatedly threatened with dire consequences in 2003, I went to the local police station and the police refused point blank to entertain my complaint. Afterwards, I lodged a lawsuit with the court, which directed the police to entertain my complaint and initiate an investigation into the incident, but to no avail. Being on bail in two different cases, I have to go to the court every month. With one of my legs broken for the last one and a half years, I have to climb the stairs of the lower courts with the support of my crutch. For hours on end, I have to wait there with murderers, thieves and burglars to let my attendance be known and to know the next date of reporting. For the last four and a half years, I have been forced to go to the court and this is how I have been disciplined. The irony is that the government could not issue a charge sheet against me in all these years. The cases have yet to begin. Nonetheless, I have to go through all this. The coalition government is literally toeing the line of the vindictive queen of Hearts in Lewis Carroll’s legendary novel Alice in Wonderland wherein she asserts that punishment should precede trial. The cruel attacks by the police on on-duty photojournalists in a Chittagong stadium on 16 April (2006) constitute yet another example of the coalition government’s spiteful attitude towards the journalist community. Without any provocation whatsoever, on-duty policemen led by Deputy Commissioner (Port) Ali Akbar Khan kicked and punched the journalists and mercilessly beat them with rifle butts. Eyewitnesses compared the incident with the mayhem perpetrated by the Pakistani occupation forces in ’71. bnpjeiterror The account of the incident as given by ruthlessly beaten elderly photojournalist Alhaj Zahirul Haque, currently correspondent of the Kolkata daily ‘Aajkal’, is liable to make any conscientious individual feel seriously aggrieved and upset. Haque said, ‘…Ali Akbar Khan along with 25 to 30 policemen was entering the stadium, abusing journalists in the most obscene of languages. Standing beside Deputy Commissioner (Reserve) Humayun, I requested Khan not to abuse us and told him that both Humayun and the Commissioner had taken it upon themselves to settle the dispute but violent Khan said: you son of a bitch. I don’t compromise with journalists. As he said this, he started punching me hard. Disregarding Humayun’s repeated appeals, he kept on beating me until I collapsed on the ground. As a photojournalist of the Daily Purbokon rushed to save me, a policeman hit his head with his rifle butt leaving it badly fractured. While Khan was beating me, his contingent encircled the other journalists and beat them mercilessly. Khan’s punches damaged my teeth and his kicks hurt my ribs. At one stage, he made an attempt to strangle me when two journalists accompanying the Australian cricket team and an official of Ten Sports grabbed me, screamed at the top of their voice and pulled him (Khan) away. Only God knows what would otherwise have happened to me. I saw the policemen swooping on the journalists in an unprecedented frenzy of madness and beating them mercilessly with rifle butts. With the intent of saving themselves, some of the journalists rushed to the tent of cricketer Ricky Ponting and his teammates, but to no avail. Fellow journalists came to our rescue and took us to Chittagong Royal Hospital. The Chittagong Union of Journalists, Chittagong Metropolitan Union of Journalists, Chittagong Press Club, Reporters’ Unity and the journalists’ community as a whole strongly condemned this barbaric attack and took a resolve not to cover the game until and unless exemplary punishment is meted out to Khan and his colleagues. My eyes and chest being badly affected, doctors advised me to go abroad for better treatment as soon as possible. I have been a journalist for more than 45 years since the Pakistan period. I have taken pictures of countless incidents, both political and otherwise, and witnessed numerous struggles. However, never before have I seen policemen swooping like this on on-duty journalists without any provocation whatsoever. Such an attack on journalists is unprecedented inasmuch as it is horrific. The Chittagong incident only reminds us of the cruelties unleashed by the Pakistani forces in 1971.’ (The Daily Jugantor, 18 April 2006). The following day, various dailies published detailed reports on the nefarious activities of police officer Ali Akbar Khan. A Jugantor report captioned ‘Billionaire police officer Ali Akbar Khan’ reads, ‘The audacity of Ali Akbar Khan, Deputy Commissioner (Port) of Chittagong Metropolitan Police, who unleashed medieval savageries on journalists, has created quite a stir in the police administration and elsewhere. He compares only with Kohinoor Mia, Deputy Commissioner (North) of Dhaka Metropolitan Police, who earned quite a name as a ruthless pro-BNP police officer by virtue of a plethora of unlawful activities. The coalition government has simultaneously rewarded both of them with undue promotions for their innate ability to vandalize peaceful processions and gatherings and to mercilessly beat anyone anytime… ‘There are thousands of allegations of irregularities and corruption against notorious police officer Khan, who desecrated the stadium and unleashed savage attacks on on-duty journalists without the approval of the Commissioner of the metropolitan police and the higher police authorities. In a very short span of time, he has been in possession of huge properties and an enormous sum of money. His subordinates have to pay him a certain amount of money on a regular basis to escape his wrath. 261470_200260643354161_4679632_n ‘It is alleged that Ali Akbar Khan used to be an armed hoodlum belonging to JCD – the student wing of the ruling BNP – during his student career. He hails from the district of Chandpur and his wife from Comilla. He joined Bangladesh Police as Sub-Inspector in 1992. The BNP being in power, he inflicted brutalities on leaders and activists of the Opposition AL and afterwards left the job at the instance of a top female BNP leader. Later in 1995, he was appointed in the Police cadre as Assistant Commissioner after being shown successful in the 15th Bangladesh Civil Service recruitment test. He was posted first in the Riot Control Department. While serving as ADC in Dhaka, he earned quite a name by mercilessly beating AL parliament member Sohel Taj, son of former Prime Minister Tajuddin Ahmed, at Dhanmondi in 2002. Khan’s presence in any AL procession or gathering in Dhaka is tantamount to ruthless baton charging and merciless beating. Having promoted him as a reward for all this, the BNP-Jamat coalition government appointed him Deputy Commissioner (Traffic) in Chittagong Metropolitan Police.’ (The Daily Jugantor, 18 April 2006) In the wake of intense public reaction against the 16 April police action on journalists in Chittagong, state minister for home affairs Lutfozzaman Babar expressed his regrets, suspended the responsible sergeant and closed Khan. A probe committee has been constituted. However, if our past experience is any guide, closed police officer Khan, like his colleague Kohinoor Mia, will be rewarded with further promotions so that he may feel doubly encouraged to swoop on political opponents. No matter how strongly the journalist community demands his punishment, nothing will happen to him. The 16 April barbaric action on journalists in Chittagong is part of the ruling alliance’s plot to tarnish the image of Bangladesh through terrorism, murder, repression and corruption. On-duty photojournalists have repeatedly been beaten and harassed by the police during the tenure of four party alliance. On numerous occasions, the police have confiscated their films, broken their cameras, arrested them and beaten them on remand. The police are aware of the government’s attitude towards journalists. The crueller a policeman can be, the greater is his reward. 999320_173430332830073_542114588_n Newspapers are called the fourth pillar of the state. When a single pillar of the state is shaky, it cannot be an effective state. One of the main components of the coalition government is Jamat-e-Islami, which was bent on strangling Bangladesh during the country’s birth in 1971, when it was defeated. Since the BNP-Jamat alliance came to power in 2001, the leaders of the party have turned desperate in their bid to avenge the defeat in ’71. Their only goal is to turn Bangladesh into an ineffective, failed state. If it were not for the writings of the journalists, none would have the scope to learn about the evil deeds of Jamat-e-Islami including rape and genocide during the war of liberation. As long as the Khaleda-Nizami coalition government remains in power, the journalist community can in no way escape their wrath. BANGLADESH-3 Six The image of Bangladesh has suffered serious setbacks due more to the extra-judicial killings by the coalition government than to repressions on opposition political parties, intellectuals subscribing to divergent ideologies, professionals and women. In the name of countering terrorism, ‘Operation Clean Heart’ was launched in 2002. About this operation, I wrote – ‘In spite of the fact that several thousand people have already been arrested in the military operation that got underway on 16 October 2002 in the name of countering terrorism, none of the blacklisted top terrorists have been nabbed yet. True, the 30,000-strong force has recovered some arms and detained a few petty terrorists, but the way they are conducting themselves during crackdowns is akin to gross violation of the Constitution. ‘By virtue of its utterly repressive measures against opposition political parties, religious minorities, freedom fighters and employees of different government, semi-government and autonomous organizations believing in the spirit of the liberation war, the fundamentalist, war-criminals-infested coalition government has already set an example of state-sponsored terrorism. The fact that the government has all along denied all this has only served to doubly encourage the real terrorists to continue their misdeeds. ‘Every citizen feels aggrieved at the way the administration has been turned into a tool for harassment; innocent people are being arrested under Section 54 and tortured on remand and the directives of the higher courts and taken no notice of. In her televised speech marking the coalition government’s completion of one year in office, Prime Minister Khaleda Zia repeatedly made mention of a deluge of development and blamed all sorts of political terrorism on the main Opposition. After the prime minister had claimed prevalence of ‘good governance’ it was hardly one week when she deployed as big as a 30,000-strong army contingent across the country in order to nab terrorists, keeping the civil administration in the dark, without declaring an emergency or discussing it in the parliament. By deploying army, the prime minister has proved that 1) the civil administration has drastically failed to contain the sliding law and order situation, and/or 2) she has little or no confidence in the civil administration. Such no confidence in the parliament and the civil administration only serves to create grounds for military rule. ‘Constitutional experts termed such a military operation ultravires of the Constitution. It was apparent from the reports published in various national dailies that neither the Constitution nor criminal legislations were abided by in such operations. The glimpses of post-arrest tortures and killings in custody that appeared in newspapers were enough to annoy the intentional community leading to a further deterioration of the already tainted image of the country. 998186_693737540643834_122536344_n ‘Saber Hossain Chowdhury, former state minister and former prime minister Sheikh Hasina’s political secretary, who is otherwise recognized as a thorough gentleman in the political arena, was arrested without warrant and detained for 17 hours in army custody before being handed over to police. Opposition lawmaker and former minister Sheikh Fazlul Karim Selim MP was arrested in the same manner. Sheikh Selim has questioned in the court the validity of his arrest under Section 54 and his stay on remand for three days. Newspaper reports over the last one year and the ongoing military operation stand testimony to the fact that the Khaleda-Nizami coalition government has utterly failed to contain terrorism, though they came to power pledging to root it out. It was told that the military was deployed to aid the civil administration. However, the conduct of army personnel during operations falls far short of that objective. Contrarily, newspapers published reports saying that a police sergeant was humiliated for not saluting a junior army officer. [The Daily Sangbad, 23 October 2002] Army personnel are neither abiding by the Constitution nor adhering to criminal legislations in such operations. ‘The third part of the country’s Constitution contains 23 articles pertaining to fundamental rights. Some of these articles have more than one section. Article 35 pertains to protection in respect of trial and punishment. Article 35(4) reads ‘No person accused of any offence shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.’ Article 35(5) reads ‘No person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading punishment or treatment.’ ‘Torturing accused persons in police custody or on remand is nothing new in Bangladesh. However, since coming to power in 2001, the coalition government has broken all past records in this respect. Notwithstanding, in the last one week of military operation, the army has broken one year’s record of torture and harassment by the police. The caption of the lead story of the 24 October issue of the Daily Janakantha reads ‘Another one dies in Gaibandha: toll rises to 7 in 7 days’. Torture and death in army custody has added a new dimension to state-sponsored terrorism during the tenure of the Khaleda-Nizami coalition government. frontb ‘Family members of most of the victims of military persecutions have alleged that their deaths were due to tortures in custody. The death of BNP leader Ratan Molla from Gopalganj is a case in point. Besides his family members, the local civil surgeon has also attributed his death to brutal tortures in army custody. Regarding the death of one Afzal, the 23 October issue of the Daily Sangbad published a report which goes – ‘The death of Afzal Hossian (30) from Savar was due to ruthless tortures. The post-mortem report prepared in presence of the local UNO (administrative head) singled out torture as the cause of death. According to police and family sources, army personnel apprehended Afzal at noon on Monday. He was tortured mercilessly in custody and died at night. After the army men informed Savar Police Station of the incident, the police recovered the corpse the same night. ‘The postmortem report says that the corpse was recovered from the mortuary of Savar Cantonment Hospital at quarter past 3 on Monday night. There is a wound beneath his left shoulder. On his right arm is a mark of wound and tying with ropes. Just underneath his knee is another severe wound, a bloodstained fracture. ‘According to sources in the Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) morgue, marks of torture were evident all over Afzal’s body. Both his legs from knee down were badly scratched. His autopsy was conducted at the DMCH morgue on Monday morning in presence of officials from Savar Police Station. ‘A physician from the forensic department attributed his death to violent tortures in custody. ‘No matter how resolutely the family members of the victims, the civil administration or forensic experts speak of tortures, army personnel have kept insisting that the detainees are never tortured and their deaths are due to cardiac arrests. ‘Cardiac failures’ are not akin to unnatural deaths. A person may die of cardiac arrest even when s/he is not taken to army custody. However, under no circumstances can it be referred to as a natural death when somebody is cold-bloodedly tortured and killed. ‘Deaths in custody’ and ‘killings in custody’ are not synonymous. Killings in custody constitute the most appalling violation of human rights, whose precedence has been set in the on-going military operation. The remarks of the government as well as army spokesmen regarding persecutions in custody have long lost all credibility. ‘We have said in the past and we affirm once again that no government has the right to get the army or the police to torture any accused in custody regardless of the nature of offence or party affiliations. Killings in custody are the most grievous of human rights violations. The Constitution of Bangladesh steadfastly prohibits such killings. According to newspaper reports, some of the victims, after being arrested, were so badly tortured that even the police refused to accept them. The family members of deceased Gopalganj BNP leader and freedom fighter Abul Khair Ratan Molla have alleged that army men tortured him to death and the local civil surgeon also has corroborated the allegation. The news of inhuman repression suffered by Khulna Awami League leader and former lawmaker Mostofa Rasheedee Suja while in army custody also appeared in newspapers. [The Daily Janakantha, 20 October 2002) ‘Apart from reports on killings in custody, newspapers are awash with news of a plethora of physical agonies suffered by detainees while in army custody, of people being arrested and detained without any warrants, and valuables being seized without any confiscation orders. Can the concerned army officers cite a law under which all this is being done? Dare they establish that they are not accountable to anyone for all the unconstitutional activities carried out by army personnel and that they are above all the laws of the land? The motive of the Khaleda-Nizami coalition government behind its endeavour to lock the army and the civil administration and the general people in a clash is becoming apparent day by day.’* Operation Clean Heart lasted 86 days. A total of 53 people were killed in army custody and more than seven thousand physically tormented during that time. Many of those injured have been permanently disabled. The coalition government has exonerated those responsible for these killings and tortures. Consequently, justice will always remain a far cry for the victims and their family members. Not only should Prime Minister Khaleda Zia be tried in the domestic court of law but she may also be subjected to trial in the International Criminal Court for the crime she has committed by relieving the military perpetrators of the charges of killing. Based on the experience of Operation Clean Heart, the coalition government later formed such killer agencies as ‘Rapid Action Battalion’ (RAB), ‘Cheetah’ and ‘Cobra’, taking both army and police personnel on board. Prior to World War II, Fascist Mussolini and Nazi leader Hitler brought into being such killer agencies as ‘Black Shirt’, ‘Brown Shirt’ and ‘Gestapo’ with a view to suppressing any opposition that came their way. Ironically, ages later, political ruffians belonging to four party alliances in Bangladesh are toeing the same old Nazi line. 580116_294448443996530_119460456_n Interestingly, RAB has christened killings in custody ‘crossfire’. Every time, someone is targeted and killed, a story is fabricated and the death is attributed to crossfire between RAB people and the victim’s accomplices. Such killings are not confined to leaders and activists of opposition political parties. True, the government has occasionally got some petty terrorists arrested in the wake of major terrorist incidents, e.g. grenade attacks and bomb blasts. These petty terrorists – some belonging to the ruling alliance – are being shot to death in the name of crossfire, lest they might divulge the names of the real perpetrators behind the screen. The principal witness to the murder of Awami League lawmaker Ahsanullah Master has been killed ‘in crossfire’. RAB has killed the accused in the murder of journalist Manik Saha even before the trial began. A number of petty terrorists have been killed in connection with the huge arms haul in the Chittagong port. As eyewash, a few notorious criminals have also been killed ‘in crossfire’. From the founding of RAB on 26 June 2004 till 30 September 2006, at least 600 people were killed ‘in crossfire’ and more than a thousand badly injured in physical tortures. The fact that the stories of RAB regarding ‘deaths in crossfire’ are fabricated has become evident from the alliance leaders’ unrestrained remarks. On countless occasions, leaders of the ruling alliance have publicly said that political opponents will be annihilated through the trick of ‘crossfire’. None other than the prime minister’s parliamentary advisor Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, in a meeting on 30 April (2006), directed 263 leaders and activists of Fatikchari (Chittagong) Awami League to shun their political ideology and tread siratul mustakim (i.e. the straight path) by 31 May. Or else, he threatened, their days were numbered as they were on the ‘crossfire’ list of RAB. [The Daily Prothom Alo, 1 May 2006] BANGLADESH: ARMS AND THE ROGUES The common saga of RAB’s crossfire goes: when RAB men took the arrestee someplace to recover arms, his accomplices opened fire on them, thereby prompting them to retaliate in self defence and the arrestee was killed in ‘crossfire’. Chowdhury’s remarks only substantiate that the saga regarding RAB’s ‘crossfire’ is fabricated at best. He has apparently acknowledged that those who are killed in the so-called ‘crossfire’ are actually targeted beforehand. There were no cases filed with the police against most of the Awami League leaders and activists who were branded as ‘terrorists’ and killed in ‘crossfire’. Despite repeated appeals from international human rights watchdogs to stop such extra-judicial killings, the coalition government has continued to allow these to happen. Besides, by awarding the ‘Independence Award’ (2006) to RAB, the government has encouraged the killer agency to continue killings and repressions at an even faster pace. Seven Since coming to power, the coalition government has created a reign of killings and tortures and none from top political leaders, intellectuals and professionals to workers from factories and peasants from the village – has been spared. In an attempt to propitiate foreign masters and hold on to power, the coalition government has shut down hundreds of mills and factories including the Adamjee Jute Mills, thereby pushing thousands of workers on the verge of vagrancy. Farmers are being shot and killed like birds while demanding supply of fertilizers, power and irrigation. Hundreds of workers are meeting tragic deaths from fires in factories and building collapses. The coalition government is least concerned about all this. The May Day (2006) issue of the Daily Bhorer Kagoj published a report under the banner headline Four-fifth of the 45-million-strong labour force outside the purview of the Labour Law saying that more than 500 workers were killed and more than two thousand injured and disabled only in the garments sector during the tenure of the coalition government. It seems that the costliest things are essentials and the cheapest human lives during the reign of Khaleda Zia and Motiur Rahman Nizami. In a country where human lives have little or no value at all, demanding basic human rights and dignity is a cry in the wilderness. Although the demand for an independent human rights commission as well as separation of judiciary from the executive has gained momentum at home and abroad, the government has turned a deaf ear to it. Various international human rights watchdogs including the Amnesty International have repeatedly urged the government to improve the country’s human rights situation, but to no avail. Way back in December 2002, Prime Minister Khaleda Zia promised Amnesty supremo Irene J Khan that a commission would be constituted to investigate the incidents of repression on religious minorities. Ironically, the promise has yet to be materialized and the repression continues unabated. Anti-liberation Jamat-e-Islami has got a share of power thanks to the power-hungry ruling BNP. The former is squarely to blame for the genocide, rape and all sorts of vandalism committed during Bangladesh’s war of liberation in 1971. The state has failed to try top Jamat leaders charged with war crimes in ’71. Unless those responsible for genocide are brought to justice, they will, in all likelihood, feel tempted to continue killing people. In Jamat’s vocabulary, ‘genocide’ is only an ordinary word that does not invoke much awe. The culture of exoneration of killers and tyrants in Bangladesh traces its root to the failure of the state to try the perpetrators of the ’71 genocide. As a consequence, it was possible to pass the Indemnity Ordinance, which was aimed at saving the killers of the nation’s founder Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. For the same reason, four top national leaders who had played pivotal role in the country’s war of liberation were brutally killed in government custody inside the prison and the killers easily got away with it. So long as the killers and perpetrators continue to be relieved of the charges, killing and torture will continue to be on the rise day by day. With the coalition government in power, it will be virtually impossible to arrest the trend of deterioration of the human rights situation in Bangladesh. We have demanded from time to time that the real perpetrators both inside and outside the administration, and not the state or the government as a whole, be identified and brought to book, if incidents of human rights violation including killing and torture were to be brought to an end. Compensations for the victims have to be realized from the perpetrators. If the state or the government takes it upon itself to compensate the victims, field-level offenders’ conducts and attitudes are least likely to change. perpetrators from top to bottom of the administration should be brought to book. As the 9th parliament election is near by both religious and ethnic minorities are apprehending more persecution than what we had witnessed during the last election. Repression, mass-arrest and torture on oppositions’ meetings and demonstrations are increasing alarmingly. Even members of the parliament are not spared from swooping of police. When constitutional ways and means of political agitation is barred with terrorism, unconstitutional form takes its own course. tarek Four Party Alliance (FPA) government has completed all preparations to manipulate next election in order to ensure its victory. A strange voter list was published by the most controversial election commission, which included a few million ghost names excluding almost the same number of genuine voters, mostly belong to minority communities and secular democrats. Nearly hundred thousand Rohinga refugees’ names are included in the voter list, that reported in national dailies. Most of the political parties demanded to form a new election commission comprised with neutral persons and reform the system of ‘Care-taker Government’, till now FPA Govt. has not taken it seriously. The European Union and NDI already expressed dissatisfaction on performance of the election commission and overall political atmosphere. Strong obstinacy of the FPA Govt. leading Bangladesh towards a civil war and Islamic militant organizations are counting days to take advantage of that situation. We apprehend killing, abduction and repression on free thinkers, activists of opposition parties and members of minority communities will increase much more than we witnessed in the past. Before it is too late human rights defenders of this planet should come forward to protect human lives and humane values.

What a joke? These information are irrelevant to minorities causes It is appropriate to the political parties not us.

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